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Vatnajökull National Park

September 1, 2012 by  

Vatnajokull National Park, Vatnajokull (meaning Glacier of Rivers), also known as the Vatna Glacier, is the largest and most voluminous Icelandic glacier, and one of the largest in area in Europe. It is located in the south-east of the island, covering more than 8 percent of the country.

With an area of 8,100 km², Vatnajokull is the largest ice cap in Europe by volume (3,100 km³) and the second largest (after Austfonna on Nordaustlandet, Norway) in area (not counting the still larger Severny Island ice cap of Novaya Zemlya, Russia, which may be regarded as located in the extreme northeast of Europe). On 7 June 2008, it became a part of the Vatnajokull National Park.

The average thickness of the ice is 400 m (1,300 ft), with a maximum thickness of 1,000 m (3,300 ft). Iceland’s highest peak, Hvannadalshn?kur (2,109.6 m (6,921 ft)), is located in the southern periphery of Vatnaj?kull, near Skaftafell National Park.

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