Edward Everett, Gettysburg

November 19, 2013 by · Comments Off on Edward Everett, Gettysburg 

Edward Everett, Gettysburg, Edward Everett (April 11, 1794 – January 15, 1865) was an American politician, pastor, educator, diplomat, and orator from Massachusetts. Everett, a Whig, served as U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, and United States Secretary of State. He also taught at Harvard University and served as its president.

Everett was one of the great American orators of the antebellum and Civil War era. He is often remembered today as the featured orator at the dedication ceremony of the Gettysburg National Cemetery in 1863, where he spoke for over two hours-immediately before President Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous, two-minute Gettysburg Address.

The son of a pastor, Everett was educated at Harvard, and briefly ministered at Boston’s Brattle Street Church before taking a teaching job at Harvard. The position included preparatory studies in Europe, so Everett spent two years in studies at the University of Göttingen, and another two years traveling around Europe. At Harvard he taught ancient Greek literature for several years before becoming involved in politics, and began an extensive and popular speaking career. He served ten years in the United States Congress before winning election as Governor of Massachusetts in 1835. As governor he introduced the state Board of Education, the first of its type in the nation.

After being defeated in the 1839 election by one vote, Everett was appointed Minister to Great Britain, serving until 1845. He next became President of Harvard, a job he quickly came to dislike. In 1849 he became an assistant to longtime friend and colleague Daniel Webster, who had been appointed Secretary of State. Upon Webster’s death Everett served as Acting Secretary for a few months. In the later years of his life Everett traveled, giving speeches all over the country. He supported efforts to maintain the Union before the Civil War, running for Vice President on the Constitutional Union Party ticket in 1860. He was active in supporting the Union effort during the war and supported Lincoln in the 1864 election.

Edward Everett, Gettysburg

Declaration of Independence Text

July 4, 2010 by · Comments Off on Declaration of Independence Text 

Declaration of Independence TextDeclaration of Independence Text — worldcorrespondents — Everyone makes mistakes, and I mean everyone … even Thomas Jefferson.

The Library of Congress has shown for the first time last Friday that Thomas Jefferson “misspoke” when he was drafting the Declaration of Independence of monarchical rule in England.

Preservation of scientists working for the Library of Congress has discovered that in earlier versions of the Declaration, Thomas Jefferson used the word “subjects” to refer to the American people.

To the credit of Jefferson, he recovered quickly from the pole, crossed out the word humiliation and replace by the more politically correct “citizens”, which he used extensively in the final draft of the Declaration.

Just a little info for the Independence Day this year more meaningful and memorable.

Happy 4th of July!