Skocjan Caves Regional Park

March 5, 2013 by  

Skocjan Caves Regional Park, The skocjan Caves Regional Park is located in the skocjan Karst, a vast flat landscape that lies at an elevation between 420 and 450 m in the southeast part of the Karst area. Following its independence, the Slovenia committed itself to protecting the skocjan Caves area; for this reason, it established skocjan Caves Regional Park and its managing authority, the skocjan Caves Park Public Service Agency.

The narrow protected area covers 4.15 km² and encompasses the area above skocjan Caves, the Reka Gorge, and the surrounding collapse dolines. It comprises the villages of skocjan, Betanja, and Matavun. The area of influence of the park comprises the entire Reka River watershed and covers 450 km². It lies at the extensive junction of the karst and nonkarst areas. At the easternmost border of the area of influence, the 1,796 m Mount Snežnik (Snežnik, Slovenia (mountain))reigns; it is the highest non-alpine mountain in Slovenia.

At first sight, the skocjan Karst surface appears to be flat, but in reality it is very dynamic. This characteristic landscape that developed in limestones is named karst, derived from the name of the Karst area. The solubility of rocks that form the Earth’s surface is the most effective agent of karstification. Falling water in the Karst sinks and drains underground through fissures. The caves are formed in this way; on the surface this occurs in different karst depressions of various sizes. The most frequent karst depressions are sinkholes.

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