Liverpool Street Station, London

November 29, 2013 by  

Liverpool Street Station, London, Liverpool Street station, also known as London Liverpool Street, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in the north-eastern corner of the City of London. It is the terminus of two main lines: the West Anglia Main Line to Cambridge and the busier Great Eastern Main Line to Norwich. There are also many local commuter services to parts of east London, Essex, and Hertfordshire. In addition, Liverpool Street is the terminus of the Stansted Express, a fast link to London Stansted Airport.

It was opened in 1874 as a replacement for Bishopsgate station, which was subsequently converted into a freight terminus. (A station called Bishopsgate (Low Level) was also opened in 1872 as an additional station to Liverpool Street; it closed in 1916.) In 1917, Liverpool Street was the first site in London to be hit by enemy bomber aircraft in the First World War and in the build-up to the Second World War it served as the terminus for thousands of child refugees arriving in London as part of the Kindertransport rescue mission.

After falling into a state of disrepair, the station underwent extensive improvements and modernisation between 1985 and 1992; Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the modified station in December 1991. In the Bishopsgate bombing of 1993 it sustained minor damage and during the 7 July 2005 terrorist attacks seven passengers were killed when a bomb exploded aboard an Underground train after it had departed Liverpool Street.

With over 57 million passenger entries and exits in 2011-12, Liverpool Street is one of the busiest railway stations in the United Kingdom and is the third-busiest in London after Waterloo and Victoria. It is one of 17 stations in the UK directly managed by Network Rail.

It has three main exits: to Liverpool Street, after which the station is named, to Bishopsgate, and to the Broadgate development to the west of the station which was constructed on the site of the former Broad Street station adjacent to Liverpool Street. The Underground station connects the Central, Circle, Metropolitan, and Hammersmith & City lines, and is situated in fare zone 1.

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