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Insomnia is referred to as Repeated difficulty in with the initiation, maintenance and duration of sleep or Lack of sleep

June 10, 2019 by  

Insomnia is referred to as “Repeated difficulty in with the initiation, maintenance and duration of sleep” or “Lack of sleep”. Insomnia is very common especially in adults. Every individual suffers from this problem at least once in his life time. If this problem persists for long time so it may lead to chronic insomnia.

Causes of Insomnia And Its Classifications:

          There is a list of causes that may be a leading factor on insomnia. It includes:

  • Stressful job or life
  • Uncomfortable room temperature (hot or cold)
  • Presence of any illness
  • With drawl of sedatives,stimulant medication or alcohol
  • Changes in working shift
  • Snoring

 

Classification Of Insomnia:

                Insomnia is classified on the basis of its duration of occurance. It includes:

  •   Transient Insomnia:

                                          In transient insomnia that sleeplessness problem occurs for one or two days only. Its cause may be work load or noise in surrounding

  • Short-term Insomnia:

                               In short term insomnia, the sleep problem usually resolves with in a week or it may prolong to 2-3 weeks. Its basic causes may be some stressful days like exams days. So it resolves soon after resolving the tension creating issues.

  • Chronic Insomnia:

                               In chronic insomnia, the sleep disorder continues more than three week. The long term Chronic insomnia usually has psychiatric or physiologic causes.

    Its Physiological causes include

  • Disturbance in biological clock
  • Sleep apnea
  • Night time angina
  • Chronic pain syndrome
  • Chronic Fatigue syndrome
  • Other medical conditions.

 

Its Psychological Causes include:

  • Mental or emotional stress
  • Depression
  • Bipolar disorders
  • Anxiety
  • Schizophrenia

 

Signs And Symptoms Of Insomnia:

                The basic signs of insomnia are:

  • Difficulty in falling asleep
  • Loss of concentration
  • Lack of memory day by day
  • Feel sleepy during driving
  • Impaired social interactions

 

Diagnosis Of Insomnia:

           Insomnia is diagnosed by health professional by asking some questions related to patient medical history, sleep history and physical examinations and by using a technology “Actigraphy”. It is another technique to assess sleep-wake patterns over time. Actigraphs are small, wrist-worn devices the note all the day activity.

             Sleep diary is also a better way for diagnosis. Patients is advised to fill the time when he goes in bed, when he take caffeine or alcohol and when he feel falling a sleep. This data is important in a successful diagnosis.

Treatment Of Insomnia:

          Insomnia is treated by medical and non-medical methods both. The two most successful treatment methods include:

  •  Insomnia Non-Medical Treatment And Behavioral Therapy
  • Insomnia Medication and Medical Therapy.

 

      Insomnia Non-Medical Treatment And Behavioral Therapy:

              In this treatment, the use of medicines is avoided. Some behavioral therapies are used that include sleep hygiene, stimulus control, relaxation therapy and sleep restriction. In these therapies, the patient is advised to do regular exercises, set a proper time to sleep and avoid caffeine containing drinks while going to bed.

 

Insomnia Medication And Medical Therapy.

                 If Insomnia is not treated by non-medical therapies so this therapy is advised. It includes the use of different medicines that include anti-depressents, sedative, benzodiazepines and other over the counter medicine.

 

   Conclusion:

                Almost half of the population is suffering from this Insomnia condition.Their leading causes are noise pollution, stressful life and a over sleep habit. By correcting our eating and sleeping habits we can easily over come this problem.

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