Did Magellan Complete His Voyage?

August 31, 2012 by  

Did Magellan Complete His Voyage?, Ferdinand Magellan never completed the voyage but was killed in the Philippines in 1521. Navigator Juan Sebastian Elcarno and some 22 survivors reached Spain in 1522 to finish the circumnavigation of the globe.

Ferdinand Magellan (1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer. He was born in Sabrosa, in northern Portugal, and served King Charles I of Spain in search of a westward route to the “Spice Islands” (modern Maluku Islands in Indonesia).

Magellan’s expedition of 1519-1522 became the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean (then named “peaceful sea” by Magellan; the passage being made via the Strait of Magellan), and the first to cross the Pacific. It also completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth, although Magellan himself did not complete the entire voyage, being killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines. (For background see Exploration of the Pacific.)

Magellan also gives his name to the Magellanic Penguin, which he was the first European to note, the Magellanic clouds, now known to be nearby dwarf galaxies, the twin lunar craters of Magelhaens and Magelhaens A, and the Martian crater of Magelhaens.

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