Wop May Diphtheria Vaccine
January 2, 2012 by staff
Wop May Diphtheria Vaccine, Today is Jan. 2:
In 1492, King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile ended Muslim rule in Spain by conquering Granada, the last Muslim stronghold in the country.
In 1727, James Wolfe, commander of the British expedition that captured Quebec in 1759, was born at Westerham, England. Wolfe saw action in many famous battles during his career, including Culloden in Scotland. He died of his wounds during the battle of the Plains of Abraham at Quebec.
In 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1826, the Supreme Court of Newfoundland was established.
In 1872, Canada and the U.S. exchanged telegraphic weather reports for the first time.
In 1881, Group of Seven artist Frederick Varley was born in Sheffield, England.
In 1884, a railway collision at the Humber River, just west of Toronto, took 31 lives.
In 1908, the Royal Canadian Mint opened on Sussex Drive in Ottawa as a division of Britain’s Royal Mint. The first coin struck was a 50-cent piece. In its early years, it produced gold sovereigns, Canadian coins, refined gold and even gun parts for Britain during the First World War. It was renamed the Royal Canadian Mint in 1931.
In 1929, bush pilots Wilfrid Reid (Wop) May and Vic Horner left Edmonton to fly diphtheria vaccines to Fort Vermilion, Alberta, 1,600-kms north. It had taken a 12-day journey by dogsled to bring news of the emergency to the nearest telegraph. The flyers made the journey in an open aircraft, with oil burners to keep the vaccine from freezing. They were met by 10,000 people when they returned to Edmonton.
In 1929, Canada and the United States reached an agreement of joint action to preserve Niagara Falls. The deal limited the daytime diversion of water through hydro-electric stations to keep the spectacle for tourists.
In 1935, Bruno Richard Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, N.J., for the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh Jr. He was convicted the following month and executed in April, 1936.
In 1935, at the height of the Depression, Prime Minister R.B. Bennett began a series of live radio speeches outlining a “New Deal” for Canada.
In 1942, a declaration of the United Nations was signed by Canada and 27 other nations at war with the Axis powers. They pledged not to make a separate armistice or peace.
In 1942, the Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese forces during the Second World War.
In 1951, federal Trade Minister C.D. Howe announced that a $30-million atomic facility would be built at Chalk River, Ont.
In 1959, the Soviet Union launched its space probe “Luna 1,” the first manmade object to fly past the moon, its apparent intended target.
In 1960, Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
In 1971, in one of the worst sports disasters in Britain’s history, 66 soccer fans, including two Canadians, were killed in a stampede at the end of a soccer game at Ibrox Park stadium in Glasgow, Scotland. Another 200 were injured. The steel crowd-channeling barriers collapsed under the weight of fans pressing to leave the match.
In 1974, U.S. President Richard M. Nixon signed legislation requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 m.p.h. Federal speed limits were abolished in 1995.
In 1988, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and President Ronald Reagan signed the Canada-U.S. free trade agreement.
In 1989, a ferry overloaded with New Year’s travellers sank off Guatemala’s east coast after running out of fuel, leaving 67 dead and 14 missing.
In 1995, Fernando Henrique Cardoso was sworn in as Brazil’s 38th President.
In 1996, AT&T announced it would cut 40,000 jobs, more than 24,000 of which would be management positions, as it prepared for a three-way split.
In 1997, former Western Hockey League coach Graham James was sentenced to three-and-a-half years in prison for sexually assaulting two former players. In the wake of the scandal, the Canadian Hockey Association said it would screen all new coaches for records of pedophilia. (In December 2011, he pleaded guilty to sexually abusing two other former players. Charges related to a third complainant were stayed.)
In 1998, Mel Lastman was inaugurated as the first mayor of the amalgamated city of Toronto.
In 2006, a skating rink roof caved in after a heavy snowfall in Germany, killing 15 people, including seven children.
In 2006, a methane gas explosion at the Sago Mine in West Virginia claimed the lives of 12 miners, but one miner, Randal McCloy, Jr., was eventually rescued.
In 2007, Ontario’s highest court ruled that an Ontario boy can legally have two mothers (in a same-sex relationship) and one father.
In 2007, a state funeral was held in Washington’s National Cathedral for former U.S. President Gerald Ford, who died Dec. 26, 2006, at age 93.
In 2009, Maria de Jesus of Portugal, the world’s oldest person, died at age 115 years and 114 days.
In 2009, Canadian soldier Capt. Robert Semrau of Pembroke, Ont., was charged with second-degree murder in the death of an unarmed Taliban insurgent on Oct. 19 in Helmund province, where he was serving as a mentor and role model for his Afghan counterparts. (He was convicted by a court martial of disgraceful conduct but acquitted of second-degree murder and was reduced to the rank of second-lieutenant and dismissed from the Canadian Forces.)
In 2009, the Ontario Hockey Association’s Whitby Dunlops defenceman Don Sanderson, 21, died after spending nearly three weeks in a coma after hitting his head on the ice during a fight against Brantford Blast’s Corey Fulton on Dec. 12.
In 2009, John Travolta’s 16-year-old son, Jett, was found collapsed in the bathroom of his family’s vacation home in the Bahamas. He had apparently suffered a seizure. He was taken to hospital where he was pronounced dead. John Travolta later confirmed his son was autistic and had a history of seizures.
In 2010, actor Vince Vaughn married Canadian real estate agent Kyla Weber in a small private ceremony just outside Chicago.
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