Trauma Stress Bowel Disorder
November 2, 2011 by staff
Trauma Stress Bowel Disorder, The main psychological and emotional events experienced during life may contribute to the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a new study.
Researchers looked at 2623 people and found that psychological and emotional trauma – such as divorce, death of a loved one, house fire, car accident, and physical or mental abuse – were more common among adults with IBS than those without the disease.
Dr. Yuri Saito, Loftus, of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, was to present the findings Monday at the annual scientific meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology in Washington, DC
“While stress has been linked to IBS, and child abuse has been reported to be present in up to 50 percent of patients with IBS, with a prevalence twice that of patients without IBS, most abuse studies have focused on sexual abuse with little detail and have not looked other forms of psychological trauma, “said Saito-Loftus in a news release from ACG.
“This is the first study to examine multiple forms of trauma, time of trauma and trauma in a family atmosphere,” he said.
It is believed that IBS – which is characterized by abdominal discomfort, bloating, constipation and diarrhea – is caused by changes in the nerves and muscles that control the sensitivity and gut motility. The condition affects an estimated 10 to 15 percent of adults in the United States – more often women than men – but only half have been diagnosed with IBS, researchers said.
Psychological and emotional trauma may sensitize the brain and intestine, and is important for physicians and patients understand the possible relationship between previous experience of stress and IBS, Saito-Loftus said in a statement.
It is also important not to underestimate the role of stress in IBS symptoms, Saito said Loftus.
“Someone who thinks they have coped with their traumatic experiences adequately on their own and still having the symptoms of IBS should be encouraged to explore the professional evaluation and treatment of traumatic life experiences,” said Saito-Loftus.
Research presented at the meetings should be considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed medical journal.
The U.S. National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases has more about IBS, http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov.
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