Susan B Anthony
February 15, 2011 by staff
Susan B Anthony, Today is 15 February at the same date In 1820, American suffragist Susan B. Anthony was born in Adams, Massachusetts Susan Brownell Anthony (February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was a prominent American civil rights activist who played a central role in the women’s movement of the 19th century of human introduce women’s suffrage United States. She was co-founder of the Temperance Movement with first wife Elizabeth Cady Stanton as president. She also co-founders of the magazine of the rights of women, the Revolution. She traveled the United States and Europe, and on average 75 to 100 speeches a year. She was one of the major advocates paves the way for women’s rights be recognized and established in the U.S. government.
Susan B. Anthony was born and raised in West Grove, Adams, and Massachusetts. It was the second oldest of seven children-Guelma Penn (1818-1873), Hannah Lapham (1821-1877), Daniel Read (1824-1904), Mary Stafford (1827-1907), Eliza Tefft (1832-1834), and Jacob Merritt (1834-1900)-born Daniel Anthony (1794-1862) and Lucy Read (1793-1880). A brother, the publisher Daniel Read Anthony, would become active in the anti-slavery movement in Kansas, while her sister, Mary Stafford Anthony, became a teacher and human rights of women. Anthony has stayed close to her sister throughout her life.
His earliest ancestors were immigrants to America, John Anthony (1607 – 1675), which was of Hempstead, Essex and his wife Susanna Potter (c. 1623-1674), who was from London, Middlesex. Anthony’s father, Daniel was a cotton manufacturer and abolitionist, a hard man but open-mindedness that is born into the Quaker religion. It does not toys or entertainment in the house, claiming they would distract the soul of the “inner light”. His mother, Lucy, was a student at the school of Daniel, the two fell in love and agreed to marry in 1817, but Lucy was less sure of marrying into the Society of Friends (Quakers). Lucy attended the convention of women rights held in Rochester in August 1848, two weeks after the historic Seneca Falls Convention, and signed the Declaration of the Rochester Convention feelings. Lucy and Daniel Anthony enforced self-discipline, principled convictions, and belief in its own value.
Susan was a precocious child, having learned to read and write at age three. In 1826, when she was six, Anthony moved the family from Massachusetts to Battenville, New York. Susan has been sent to a neighborhood school where a teacher refused to teach her long division because of her sex. When learning of low education she received, her father was quickly placed in a school group home, where he taught Susan himself. Mary Perkins, another teacher there, sent a progressive image of womanhood to Anthony, further fostering her growing belief in equality for women.
In 1837, Anthony was sent to Deborah Moulson of Female Seminary, a Quaker boarding school in Philadelphia. She was not happy at Moulson, but she did not stay there long. She was forced to end her formal education because her family, like many others, was ruined during the Panic of 1837. Their losses were so great that they tried to sell everything in an auction, even their most personal possessions that were saved at the last minute when Susan’s uncle, Joshua Read, and offers enhanced for them to return them to the family.
In 1839 the family moved to Hardscrabble, New York, in the wake of the panic and economic depression that followed. That same year, Anthony left home to teach and to pay the debts of her father. She taught first at Eunice Kenyon’s Friends Seminary, then at the Canajoharie Academy in 1846, where she rose to become director of the Male Department. Anthony first occupation inspired her to fight for wages equivalent to those of male teachers, men earned roughly four times more than women for the same functions.
In 1849, at age 29, Anthony left teaching and moved to the family farm in Rochester, New York. She began taking part in conventions and gatherings related to the temperance movement. In Rochester, she attended the local Unitarian Church and began to distance himself from the Quakers, partly because she had often seen instances of hypocritical behavior such as consumption of alcohol among Quaker preachers. As she got older, Anthony continued to move away from organized religion in general, and was chastised by various Christian religious groups for displaying irreligious tendencies.
In her youth, Anthony was very conscious of her appearance and speech capabilities. She long resisted public speaking for fear she would not be sufficiently eloquent. Despite these uncertainties, it became a renowned public presence, eventually helping to lead the women’s movement.
[via online sources and wikipedia]
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