February 13, 2011 by Post Team
Saint Valentine, Valentine (in Latin, Valentinus) is the name of several (14 in all) holy martyrs of ancient Rome. The name “Valentine”, derived from valens (worthy, strong, powerful), was popular in late antiquity. Valentine’s Day which is February 14, nothing is known except his name and he was buried on the Via Flaminia north of Rome on February 14. It is even uncertain whether the feast of this holy day celebrates one or more saints of the same name. For this reason this liturgical commemoration was not kept in the Catholic calendar of saints for universal liturgical veneration as revised in 1969. But “martyr Valentine the priest and those with him in Rome” remains in the list of Saints proposed to the veneration of all Catholics.
In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the priest Valentine’s Day is celebrated on July 6, and hieromartyr Valentine (Bishop of Interamna, Terni in Italy) is celebrated on July 30. Notwithstanding the fact that, conventionally, the members of the Greek Orthodox Church called Valentinos (male) and Valentina (female) to celebrate their name on February 14, by Typikon the Great Church of Christ, Valentine is revered on July 6 or July 30. In fact, there is no Valentine’s Day in the Greek Orthodox Church.
The skull crowned with flowers on Valentine’s Day is on display in the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome.
In 1836, some relics that were exhumed from the catacombs of Saint Hippolytus on the Via Tiburtina, and then near (rather than inside) from Rome, have been identified with Saint Valentine, placed in a coffin, and transported to Church Street Caramel Whitefriar in Dublin, Ireland, to which Pope Gregory XVI donated them. Many tourists visit the holy day of rest on Valentine’s Day, when the coffin was carried in solemn procession to the altar for a special Mass dedicated to young people and all those in love. Alleged relics of Saint Valentine are also relics of Roquemaure, France, in the Stephansdom in Vienna and the Blessed John Duns Scotus church “in the Gorbals area of Glasgow, Scotland. There is also a reliquary of gold labeled “Corpus Valentine, M ‘(Council of St. Valentine, Martyr) to the Oratory in Birmingham, United Kingdom in one of the side altars in the church main.
The greatest interest at this altar is rich coffin lies below containing the remains of St. Valentine, a martyr whose relics of the Roman catacombs have been presented to John Henry Cardinal Newman by Blessed Pius IX in 1847.
Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14 remains in the official list of saints of the Catholic Church (the Roman Martyrology), but given the scarcity of information on it, its commemoration has been removed from the general time frame for universal liturgical veneration, when it was revised in 1969. It is included in local calendars places like Balzan and in Malta where relics of the saint are claimed to find. Some [who?] Still observe the calendars of the Roman Rite from the Tridentine calendar until 1969, in which Valentine’s Day was first celebrated as a holiday single, until 1955, when Pope Pius XII has reduced mention of Valentine’s Day with a Mass in commemoration of the day. It is preserved as a memorial by traditionalist Catholics who, in accordance with the authorization given by Pope Benedict XVI’s Motu Proprio Summorum Pontificum of July 7, 2007, use the General Roman Calendar of 1962 and the liturgy of Pope John XXIII edition 1962 of the Roman Missal and, as a simple celebration, by the Catholic traditionalists who use the General Roman Calendar as in 1954.
The feast day of St. Valentine, priest and martyr, was included in the Tridentine Calendar, with the rank of simple, February 14. In 1955, Pope Pius XII has reduced the celebration of a memorial in celebration of the week. In 1969, the commemoration has been removed from the General Roman Calendar, but Valentine’s Day continues to be recognized as a saint, because it is included in the Roman Martyrology, the official list of Catholic saints. The feast day of St. Valentine also continues to be included in local calendars places like Balzan and in Malta where relics of the saint are claimed to find.
Valentine’s Day is one of our most popular holidays. According to the Greeting Card Association, approximately 1 billion cards Valentine’s Day will be sold this year and is exchanged with, or by mail, intimate knowledge as a sign of affection. At first, Valentine cards are not mass-produced, but were more personal in nature.
The celebration of Valentine’s Day and its meaning of love and romance can be traced from 1382. Valentine may have been observed on May 2 at the time in history, instead of February 14, as we know it today.
Valentine is the name of 14 different saints martyrs of ancient Rome. Nothing is known of Saint Valentine, for whom the holiday is named, other than the date and place of his burial, which was Feb. 14 at the Via Flaminia north of Rome.
During the Valentine’s debut people have written messages or recited poems to show their affection for each other. Handmade cards have been painstakingly written on paper, fancy or otherwise, and include fresh claims of affection or romantic poems. These early maps are often decorated with lace, dried flowers or ribbons to enhance their beauty. This tradition carried through the 1600s.
Valentine’s Day has become more commercialized since the mid-19th century, with the handing candy, heart shaped boxes of chocolates, flowers and jewelry to become accepted means of signs of affection.
With 190 million Valentines sent with family or relatives as beneficiaries in the United States each year, the number stands at one billion if one includes the Valentine-exchanges made in schools across America. The number of Valentine cards mailed each year is the second in the number of Christmas cards sent annually.
Nearly half of these cards will be purchased from 24 to 48 hours before Valentine’s Day officially arrives February 14, 2011.
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