Richard Nixon

January 22, 2011 by staff 

Richard Nixon, Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States from 1969 to 1974, was formerly the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961. A member of the Republican Party, he was the only president to resign from his position as the only person to be elected twice to the presidency and vice presidency.

Nixon was born in Yorba Linda, California. After completing his undergraduate studies at Whittier College, he graduated from Duke University School of Law in 1937 and returned to California to practice law in La Habra. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, he joined the U.S. Navy, serving in the Pacific theater and attained the rank of lieutenant commander during World War II. He was elected in 1946 as a Republican in the House of Representatives representing California’s 12th congressional district, and in 1950 the United States Senate. He was chosen to be the running mate of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Republican candidate during the 1952 presidential election, becoming one of the youngest vice presidents in history. He led a campaign of unsuccessful presidential in 1960, narrowly losing to John F. Kennedy, and an unsuccessful campaign for governor of California in 1962 following the loss; Nixon announced his retirement from politics. In 1968, however, he ran again for president of the United States and was elected.

The most immediate task to which President Nixon has a resolution of the Vietnam War. He began an escalation of the conflict, monitoring incursions into neighboring countries, although U.S. military personnel were phased out and he managed to negotiate a truce with North Vietnam in 1973, thus ending the ‘American involvement in the war. His foreign policy initiatives have been largely successful: his groundbreaking visit to China in 1972 opened diplomatic relations between the two nations, and he initiated the trigger and anti-ballistic missiles with the Union Soviet. Domestically, he implemented the concept of new federalism, the transfer of power from the federal government to states, new economic policies that called for wage and price controls and the abolition of the gold standard; comprehensive reforms in the environment, including the Law on Air Quality and the creation of the EPA, the launch of the war on cancer and the war against drugs; reforms empowerment of women, including Title IX and school desegregation in the Deep South. A landslide reelected him in 1972. He continued many reforms in his second term, if the nation was experiencing an energy crisis. In the face of likely impeachment for his role in the Watergate scandal, [1] Nixon resigned Aug. 9, 1974. He was later pardoned by his successor, Gerald Ford, for federal crimes he may have committed during his tenure.

In retirement, Nixon became a prolific author and has undertaken many trips abroad. His work as a veteran politician has helped to rehabilitate his public image. He suffered a debilitating stroke on April 18, 1994, and died four days later at the age of 81 years.

(AP) – R. Sargent Shriver, the Kennedy brother always optimistic that served as the first director of the nation of the Peace Corps and later led an assault on national poverty, said Friday night as an idealist who has left a strong legacy of public service.

“Sargent Shriver was the kindest, most gay, most optimistic person I’ve known in 50 years of public life,” said former South Dakota Senator George McGovern, the Democratic candidate for president 1972, referring to his running mate this year. “It is remarkable that these properties could be combined in one person. I do not remember seeing it in landfills. He must have had days like that, but nobody has ever if he did.”

Hundreds filled the Holy Trinity Catholic Church in Washington to pay their respects to a series of Shriver, the brother of President John Kennedy and the late Robert and Edward Kennedy Sense. He died Tuesday in a hospital in Maryland to 95, eight years after announcing he had Alzheimer’s disease.

Vice President Joe Biden and former President Bill Clinton would speak at a funeral mass Saturday at Our Lady of Mercy parish in Potomac, Maryland first lady Michelle Obama and Oprah Winfrey will also be present

On Friday, some of the most important figures in Washington have filed past the coffin and photos of life Shriver of condolence to the family members including his daughter, former NBC reporter Maria Shriver, her husband, and California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and Shriver four son.

Some who attended had subsequently met with Shriver about her work and others knew him only by reputation.

“He was the nicest man I think I’ve ever met in my life,” said Gene Theroux, 72, of Loudoun County, Virginia, who worked at the Office of Economic Development where Shriver has served as a director in the 1960s. “He was full of positive energy.”

“He has a thankless job at the request of President Johnson to run the program of poverty,” said Theroux. And while many programs have been unpopular, Shriver has managed to bring people together to get them off the land, said it.

The outpouring of praise for Shriver and support his family since his death on Tuesday was extraordinary because he was not in the public eye for years, “said Bill Moyers, journalist and former aide to Johnson who wrote the preface to the biography Shriver and worked with him at the Peace Corps.

“I think it happened because … He gave us permission in 1960 to be idealistic, “he said. “This difficulty, disappointed that country … intuitively knew when word came of his death he was OK to be an idealist, it was -. As a documentary about him said – the American ideal. ”

The scion of an influential family from Maryland, Shriver has also been pointed out in praise of the House Steny Hoyer minority leader of Maryland, former U.S. Senator Chris Dodd of Connecticut, C. Payne Lucas, former president of development assistance to nonprofit Africare Vanity Fair writer Maureen Orth, and Colman McCarthy, a journalist and former speechwriter Shriver.

Also present were Senator John Kerry of Massachusetts, Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, co-founder of AOL Steve Case, the musician Wyclef Jean, White House senior adviser David Axelrod, and singer actress Vanessa Williams.

A businessman and lawyer, Shriver helped his wife at the end, Special Olympics founder Eunice Kennedy Shriver, the functioning of the organization that allows disabled people to participate in sports. She died in 2009 at age 88. The couple had 19 grandchildren.

Shriver will be buried Saturday in the same cemetery in Hyannis, Massachusetts, as his wife, according to the Rev. Daniel W. Lacroix, pastor at St. Francis Xavier.

We take comfort in knowing that Mom and Dad are together now in heaven, “Maria Shriver told the gathering, as his four brothers stood behind her. “Although we missed him, he talked about how he was happy to go to heaven. Living the past year and a half without mom was hard for him and that’s where he wanted to be. ”

Known as “Sarge” Shriver helped fulfill a campaign promise of President Kennedy launched the Peace Corps and eventually build an international institution. Later, he ran the war on poverty, by President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society.

Shriver was McGovern running mate in the presidential election in 1972, but the Democrats lost in a landslide to President Richard M. Nixon. In 1994, Shriver received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor.

Copyright © 2011 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.

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