Ralph Bunche Black Cabinet President Franklin D. Roosevelt
February 1, 2012 by staff
Ralph Bunche Black Cabinet President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Ralph Bunche
Famous as American Political Scientist and Diplomat
Born on 07 August 1903
Born in Detroit, Michigan
Died on 09 December 1971
Nationality United States
Works & Achievements Nobel Peace Prize (1950); Known For: Formation and Administration of the United Nations
Ralph Bunche was an American political scientist and diplomat and an active leader who contributed heavily in the Civil Rights Movements in the United Students. Dr. Ralph Bunche also played an instrumental role in the formation and administration of the United Nations and served as the assistant to United Nations Special committee on Palestine and thereafter as the Principal Secretary of the U.N. Palestine Commission. Most of all, he is noted for his contribution towards establishing a peace agreement between Israel and the Arab states in 1949 when the Armistice agreements were signed between these two countries. In addition to this, Ralph Bunche had an important role in the creation and adoption of the U.N. Declaration of Human Rights. In 1950, Dr. Bunche was awarded Nobel Peace Prize for his mediation in Palestine and another award ‘Medal of Freedom’ was presented from President John F. Kennedy in 1963.
Childhood and Early Life
Ralph Bunche was born on 7 August 1903, in Detroit to a barber father and a musician mother. His family moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico, in the hope that the poor health of his parents would improve in the dry climate. His parents died two years later, and Ralph, along with his sister, was raised by his grandmother. There Ralph supported his family’s hard pressed finance by selling news papers, working for a carpet laying firm and taking any odd job he could find. Bunche as a child was a brilliant student, debater and valedictorian of his graduating class at Jefferson High School.
He attended the University of California, Los Angeles and graduated summa c*m laude in 1927. With a scholarship granted by Harvard University and a fund of a thousand dollars raised by the black community of Los Angeles, he went to study at Harvard. There he earned a master’s degree in political science in 1928 and a doctorate in 1934, where he was already teaching in the department of Political Science. From 1934 to 1938, on a Social Science Research Council Fellowship, he did post doctoral research in anthropology at Northwestern University, the London School of Economics, and Cape Town University in South Africa.
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