National Fruit Of India
November 23, 2010 by Post Team
National Fruit Of India, The U.S. government India has planned to become a major consumer of agricultural exports and crop science. India has also been scheduled to host an agricultural research program led by U.S. corporations seed crop biotechnology. This is accomplished through a variety of programs in India, some of whom began their preparation for two years. This program, known as the US-India cooperation in the current India-2 UPA government and the present U.S. government Barack Obama has the support of the U.S. agricultural sector, but not that of farmers in India and farmers. The objective is clear and strong increase U.S. agricultural exports and expand as quickly as possible trade surplus U.S. agricultural sector.
This agenda has been clear about the business of three industry meetings held during the visit of U.S. President Barack Obama’US-India Business Summit “in Mumbai on 6 November,” India and the United States: An Agenda for ‘co-creation with the Confederation of India Industry (CII) in New Delhi on November 8 and “U.S. and India Caucus: Partnership for Innovation is imperative for growth and employment in both economies,” with the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) in New Delhi on 9 November.
The U.S. view agro-industry in India has been projected by the United States-India Council, a business advocacy group representing U.S. companies investing in India, with Indian companies with a common goal to increase trade and strengthen commercial ties . In a document entitled “Partners in Prosperity-Business Leading the Way” (November 2010), the business council said: “India needs a” evergreen Revolution’-a new program to be undertaken by the country’s rural sector , using the water and “best practices” for crop management to promote greater food security, this time based on technology to increase efficiency and productivity. The effort to revitalize the agricultural sector should be driven by Indian companies and The first step is to improve the exploitation of India to market the global supply chain. ”
This business is driven by trade in agricultural products and services are officially gave two months ago, during the inaugural meeting of what is called the India-US Dialogue on Agriculture, 13 and September 14, 2010 in New Delhi. Foreign Secretary of India and the U.S. Nirupama Rao Under Secretary (Energy, Economic and Agricultural Affairs) in the U.S. State Department, Robert Hormats, co-chaired the ‘dialogue’. Under this agreement, India and the U.S. has established three working groups: “strategic cooperation in agriculture and food security”, “food processing, agricultural extension, agricultural market linkages” and “the weather and crop forecasting. The Dialogue of Agriculture ‘is designed to be the implementation process of the exhibition in India and the United States of Understanding for Cooperation on Agriculture and Food Security, signed almost a year ago for Obama and Singh. On November 24, 2009, agreed in a Memorandum of Understanding on Agricultural and Food Security, according to the U.S. State Department,”a way to establish strong cooperation between the governments of crop forecasting , management and market information, regional and global food security, science, technology and education, nutrition, and expanding private sector investment in agriculture. ”
“Agriculture Dialogue ‘is the new name given to a plan the United States and India for trade and investment in agriculture, which saw its genesis on July 18, 2005, when Singh and the then U.S. president George W Bush announced the “US-India Knowledge Initiative on Agricultural Education, Teaching, Research, Services, and trade links (LRA). At that time, as well as government officials from both sides representing agriculture and crop bureaucracies, Indian and American universities and the private sector in the AKI board. Indian agricultural universities Govind Ballabh Pant was the University of Agriculture and Technology (Pantnagar, Uttaranchal), the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu) and the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh). India’s private sector was represented by Venkateshwara hatcheries Ltd, Masani Farms (its owner was a director of the National Horticulture Board), chief executive of ITC Agribusiness India Ltd and Wal-Mart. The U.S. private sector was represented by Archer Daniels Midland Company and Monsanto.
The LRA United States and India has been criticized from the outset as the means by which U.S. agribusiness enter into exploitation of India and the sector of food logistics. It is the LRA and the associated trade and investment programs (other than research collaborations between U.S. industry and agriculture in India state agriculture universities) that have contributed to the conversion of India’s national agricultural research system to be a farmer and grower-oriented to being the company and focused on trade. The key agent of this change is the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and its network of 49 institutes, six national office, 25 addresses the project, 17 research centers and 78 national research projects all-India coordinated. In addition, ICAR research controls, education and extension education in 44 state universities in the agricultural sector, five deemed universities, central agricultural university (for the North-East) and four central universities. For the science of U.S. agribusiness combine crops, ICAR network represents both the scientific and easy access to a system of field tests is a tradition of more than a century ago by the Imperial Council of Agricultural Research was established at Pusa (Bihar) in 1905.
How American corporate farms, seeds, biotechnology companies and farm equipment make use of this access? The US-India Business Council written before Obama’s visit, three defense priorities “: (1) The opening of several brands in the retail sector to organized players, so it means that retailers U.S.. “As study after study has shown, this would bring efficiency, infrastructure, technology and know-how to Indian farmers, food processors, suppliers of food service and other providers,” said USIBC. (2) Dialogue Backup Agriculture for the reduction of tariff and non-tariff “affecting trade in fresh fruits and vegetables, poultry, pistachio nuts, dairy products and horticultural products – which also seek to reduce customs duties on items such as processing equipment, restaurant equipment and related products, “the USIBC. (3) Promotion of U.S. companies to India to showcase their stories éxito”de business sector involvement in the processing of food and agriculture. “Otherwise, you can” raise awareness in a positive way about “best practices” and technologies can offer greater efficiency “so that India can achieve the ‘Evergreen Revolution.”
During Obama’s visit, both in Mumbai and New Delhi, the business and financial means were already being treated for “awareness” on this subject: “revolutionary Monsanto seed cotton have helped double the output of cotton in India only six years, PepsiCo has helped Punjab to diversify its agriculture through the introduction of large citrus groves, “” Nurturing Cargill India program provides edible oil fortified with nutrients to 25 million Indians per month “,” McDonald’s and Heinz has developed new efficiencies, processing industries lettuce and tomato in India “and” wholesale cash and Wal-Mart stores carry a link farmers directly to smaller retailers, eliminating costly intermediaries. ” This barrage of propaganda has been carefully orchestrated by both sides, Indian and American.
In mid-2010, the position of the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, became apparent. In a speech during the 28 hasta 29 July 2010 ICAR and industry meet, Union Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar said his ministry recognizes the role of the private sector in the areas of agricultural research and human resource development. The conventional approach to public sector agricultural R & D has been to assume responsibility for prioritization, resource mobilization, research, development and dissemination. He then explained that the extension, which has been neglected for several years, “is no longer appropriate.” The alternative, advises Pawar, is the public-private partnerships through which public sector institutions (such as ICAR network) can “take advantage of valuable private resources, experience, network marketing or otherwise lack “. This is the hidden commercial reasoning behind the creation of “business plans and development units in five ICAR institutes (Agricultural Research Institute of India, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, National Institute Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Central Institute of Fisheries Technology). These units will address intellectual property management, marketing research, find investors and start businesses. India’s National Agricultural Research system, therefore, has now decided to become an agent of his own production (public system) and a speculator seeking the benefits of the crisis the country’s agricultural and food prices.
In the same month (July), the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce released a discussion paper entitled ‘Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail trading. ” This document, said the DIPP, was distributed to “generate an informed debate on the issue, which will allow the Government to take appropriate political decision at the right time.” However, this query is posed neutralized by the central government taking a position against the arguments protesting FDI in retail. The “limitations” of current conditions in the retail sector in India were described as:
1. That has been a lack of investment in the logistics chain stores, which leads to “inefficient market mechanism.” It was noted that India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world (about 180 million tons), but has “very limited infrastructure integrated cold chain”, with only 5,386 separate refrigerators with a combined capacity 23.6 mt. It is noted that post-harvest losses of agricultural products, especially fruits, vegetables and other perishable products are estimated at over Rs. 100,000 million rupees a year, 57% of which is due to “avoidable waste and the rest due to the variable costs of storage and commissions.”
2. That “intermediaries dominate the value chain,” often mocks rules “mandi” and pricing lacks transparency. According to the Government of the Union, wholesale markets regulated by the state ruled APMC (Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee) Acts “have developed a monopolistic and opaque.” Farmers in India is said to realize only 1 / 3 of the total price paid by final consumers, compared to 3.2 for farmers in countries with a higher proportion of organized retail.
3. “There is a large question mark over the effectiveness of procurement and PDS commissioning and the draft law on food subsidies is increasing.” The DIPP has said that despite heavy subsidies, “global food inflation has been based on an issue of great concern.” He blames the “lack of a system of” farm to fork “retail supply” as responsible for forcing consumers to “pay a premium for the shortage and a charge for waste.”
Now, with Obama’s economic mission to India, a picture has emerged of the pattern. Meet the ICAR and the industry has focused on four areas: the seeds and planting materials, diagnostics, vaccines and biotechnology products, agricultural implements and machinery and engineering post-harvest and value added. All these are areas where U.S. agro-business enterprises as suppliers want to occupy, research units and help organize retail. The DIPP, Ministry of Commerce of paper had placed emphasis on food production supply chain and our “inefficient” markets that lead to losses. Taking the signal, the US-India Business Council as part of their material in preparation for the Obama visit said: “Although India produces more milk than any other country in the world and ranks second in the world as fruit and vegetables remains an impressive space-about 40% of the spoils of India the harvest of food before reaching the market. “It also notes the attention of the three working groups established under the India Dialogue “U.S. Agriculture and the ICAR network preparation in these directions.
Finally, there is the idea of the “Evergreen Revolution” promoted by both parties, the Indian Ministry of Agriculture and ICAR research directed and agricultural education system, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture in conjunction with the Department of U.S. State American business and agriculture. llama”segunda also Green Revolution “by the planners of India agricultural sector, this labeling has completely ignored the social and genetic violence to agricultural settlements in India has only increased after liberalization. At a meeting in Bhubaneswar, Orissa, held to discuss the central government “of the Green Revolution in eastern India” program, a final declaration was made by farmers, activists and scientists from more than ten states India. “Food security and livelihoods of the poor is subverted by the decision imposed by the Government of the Union of peoples of the six Indian states to promote this new phase of the Green Revolution with a push in hybrid seed technology , “the statement said. “We asked the reasons for the government to bring in this” green revolution “and we firmly believe that production models focused on the techno-taken so far no real address food, nutrition and livelihood security.”
There is food, nutrition and livelihood security are concerns that the India-US Dialogue on Agriculture. This “dialogue” is owned and controlled by the new U.S. government National Export Initiative. “We are conducting a new business strategy which deals with nations based on the nature of the market,” said Tom Vilsack, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, the September 2, 2010 (which was part of the mission Obama to India). “These efforts mean that agriculture is one of the only major sectors of the economy with a trade surplus, which we hope the U.S. and is worth 30.5 billion this year. In general, our agricultural exports should be worth U.S. . UU. and 107.5 billion in fiscal year 2010-compared to the U.S. and $ 96 million in 2009-and we hope to increase again in 2011. More importantly, this progress should create good jobs for U.S.: USDA studies show that every billion dollars in agricultural exports support more than 8,000 jobs and generate an additional U.S. and 1.4 billion in economic activity. ”
According to September 1, 2010 “Report to the President of the National Export Initiative” by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce, Gary Locke (who also served on Obama’s mission to India), the INE has five components. Three of these apply directly to the new American agriculture difficult to sell to India: (1) “We will improve the promotion and trade advocacy efforts on behalf of U.S. exporters, so you can trade missions introduce the world to American products and development centers can help U.S. exporters take advantage of opportunities, (2) “We will strengthen our efforts to eliminate barriers to trade and markets more be open to our products “, (3)” We will enforce our trade rules to ensure that our trading partners live with their obligations. ”
One month after Vilsack’s statement about the importance of agricultural exports to the U.S. economy, Dr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia, vice president of the Planning Commission of India, asked the presidents of agricultural universities to adopt “innovative approaches” to strengthen agricultural research and education in India. Ahluwalia said that India’s agricultural universities can play an important role in this direction, providing research projects with the help of industry “and suggested” a new mechanism to fund research projects rather than funding universities. ” Ahluwalia is reported to have urged scientists working in agricultural research institutes to “re-orient themselves in the next Five Year Plan twelfth through the challenges of food security and climate change” and “usually planning of India today referred to the difference in growth rate and productivity of agricultural land in China and India, completely neglecting the chronic exhaustion of soils and widespread degradation of agro-ecological systems in China, who have suffered from high input agriculture industrial chemicals.
“The United States helped bring about a” green revolution, “said Obama told reporters in New Delhi after a meeting in Hyderabad House.” The goal is to turn this into an evergreen revolution. “A weather forecast alliance has been described as the work maestra”de collaboration “, which is expected to” predict increasingly erratic monsoon in India. ” This partnership was completed in July 2010, when members of the Planning Commission, Dr. K Kasturirangan (who led the Space Research Organization in India) and the secretary of the Department of Earth Sciences, Shailesh Nayak, visited the U.S. . UU. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. The justification for the government of India for the weather and crop forecasting partnership is combining the oceanographic and atmospheric science. From the information available, crop scientists in the ICAR network and earth science in the ISRO may use the forecasting model. The U.S. government says this will help predict sudden jumps in the monsoon cycle. But the predictions also allow district-level crop planting, harvesting and the movement to a degree never seen before in the sub-continent. This initial information will be used by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Commerce to determine the responses of agribusiness and trade. By then, according to the plan of the ‘Dialogue of Agriculture, there will be enough cooperation on farms, in grain markets and chain stores using granular information for the benefit of U.S. food exporters and traders. The risk for food security of India, the opposite of the pious statements made by both sides during the visit by Obama has never been greater.
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