Map Of Chile

October 13, 2010 by staff 

Map Of Chile, Ferdinand Magellan was the first European explorer to visit Chile, foot by 21 October 1520.

In the late 15th century the Incas extended their empire to the south, attempting to conquer Chile, they have succeeded in the north, but their influence (central and south) has been limited because they face the fierce resistance of people Indigenous Araucanian.

In 1540, Spanish explorer Pedro de Valdivia arrived, and later founded the city of Santiago in 1541. He managed to control the local Indians, forcing them to work hard, but in the south, Araucans not budge.

Many Spanish settlements were built in central Chile, and their population base eventually exceeded one million. These early settlers suffered repeated attacks (often brutal) by Araucanian, and remained a serious problem (difficult to control) in the 19th century.

Colonies secretly hated the military regime in Spain, but he remained loyal to the crown of Spain for nearly three centuries. When the King of Spain was overthrown in the early 19th century, Chileans began to consider the independence and self-government.

And speaking of freedom, José de San Martin and Bernardo O’Higgins, and their armies to start and chased the Spaniards won independence from Spain in 1818. Bernardo O’Higgins, who later became first president of Chile.

Chile defeated Bolivia and Peru into a regional war (1879-1883) for the control areas of the Atacama Desert. During the war Chile won more land to the north and Bolivia lost its outlet on the open sea; prove disaster (today) for its economy.

Starting in 1891, and over the next 80 years, Chile was governed by selfish parliamentary systems, the military regime, the left wing, right-wing parties (including communists) and a long line of democratically elected presidents.

All remnants of democracy were set aside when the repressive military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet began in 1973 and finally ending in 1989 when democratic elections were held again

Today, the underdeveloped countries with a landscape shaped is primed for the 21st century, where it controls a large part of the world’s most spectacular scenery, and countless natural resources and wealth.

Learn more about Chile’s history here!

Facts and Figures

Name Chile

(Long form) Republic of Chile

Population 15,980,912

Population Density & (all countries) here

Capital Santiago (6.3 million metro area)

Currency Chilean Peso (CLP)

Currency converter here

Languages Spanish

Flag here

September 18 National Day

Religions Catholic (89%), Protestant (11%)

Geographic Coordinates

Latitude / Longitude (Capital)
33 º 27 ‘S, 70 º 40′ W

Relative situation in Chile is located in the western and southern hemispheres. It is located on the west coast and southwestern South America and bordered by Argentina, Bolivia and Peru and the Pacific Ocean.

Statistics Land

Littoral 3.998 miles (6.435 km)


(Land) 289,113 square miles (748,800 km ²)

(Water) 3147 square miles (8150 km ²)

(TOTAL) 292,261 sq miles (756,950 km ²)

Land (all countries) here

Relief With a coastline of nearly 4,000 miles toothy, pencil-sized Chile is wedged between the Pacific Ocean and the rugged Andes, the longest mountain range. This land of incredible contrasts and unusual home to many beaches, fjords, deep-sea channels, glaciers and icebergs – and the Atacama Desert – a nearly rainless plateau made up of salt basins and lava flows.

Mountains cover most of the interior. The Andes snow cover almost its entire eastern border, generally weaker, non-Andean ranges dissect Chile (north to south) with the largest being the Cordillera de la Costa in the extreme south.

Located along the Ring of Fire, the Andes are geologically young mountain range that includes more than 600 volcanoes (Chile only), many of them active, and nearly 10% broke (at least once) during the last century.

Throughout the deep valleys and high country plateaus to the mountains, most of liquidation is to the west; the Central Valley (and pampas) operates at the shore of the Pacific Ocean.

Lake area to the south is a group of mostly small blue lakes, cold clear water, in this area, waterfalls is common.

In the far south, a group of almost incalculable mountainous islands (archipelagos forming various) before the coast, forming a series of winding channels and fjords. Cape Horn, south of the island of Tierra del Fuego is the southernmost in the world, next to the Antarctic.

Mixed in the beautiful landscapes are the northern and southern Patagonia ice fields that make up the largest mass of ice in the world outside Greenland and Antarctica.

Hundreds of glaciers off the ice fields of industry, many extend down to the sea water from melting glaciers come together in lakes such as Carrera general – the second largest lake in America South.

And as for rivers…. tens place in the headwaters of the Andes, and the outflow is in the Pacific Ocean, or east through neighboring Argentina.

Highest Pt Nevado Ojos Del Salado – 22,572 m
(6,880 m), the second highest mountain on the South American continent.

Lowest Pt Pacific Ocean – 0 m (0 m)

Land Divisions 13 regions, including: Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo, Antofagasta, Araucania, Atacama, Bio-Bio, Coquimbo, Libertador General Bernardo O’Higgins Los Lagos Magallanes y Antartica Chilena of, Maule, Region Metropolitana (Santiago), Tarapaca and Valparaiso.

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