Lance Armstrong

February 4, 2012 by staff 

Lance Armstrong, The use of illegal performance-enhancing drugs by athletes striving to win at all costs has rocked baseball, track and field, and cycling in the last decade. Congress has addressed the issue in recent years and medals and trophies have been returned by athletes like cyclist Floyd Landis and track and field star Marion Jones, even as major US sports leagues have instituted strict anti-doping policies in response to public restiveness about fairness.

But the decision by US Attorney Andre Birotte on Friday to close the Armstrong investigation comes after a number of high-profile prosecutions managed to raise awareness about the seriousness of doping, but failed to produce significant legal victories against the defendants.

In a 2011 federal trial, retired home run king Barry Bonds escaped serious criminal charges after becoming one of 86 baseball players in the 2007 Mitchell Report linked to doping. Last year, the judge in the Roger Clemens perjury trial quickly declared a mistrial after a prosecutor introduced disallowed evidence to jurors. Clemens is slated for a retrial in April.

In both those cases, the government wasn’t trying to prove the sports stars took illegal steroids, but that they lied to investigators – and, in Clemens’ case, to Congress – during the investigation.

Armstrong, meanwhile, was being investigated for possible crimes ranging from defrauding the government, drug trafficking, and conspiring with other cyclists to distribute the substances. The main thrust was to determine whether money from the US Postal Service, Armstrong’s principal sponsor during his first four Tour de France wins, was used to buy the drugs.

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