Laika First Dog In Space, November 3
November 3, 2011 by staff
Laika First Dog In Space, November 3, A three years old Dog, named Laika (translated as ‘Barker’ in Russian) became the first mammal to be put into orbit aboard the Soviet rocket Sputnik 2. After the success of Sputnik 1, the Soviet Union wanted to know if humans could survive a space launch and orbital conditions.
Laika was trained to live in confined spaces and to eat a special gel and placed in a centrifuge that simulates the acceleration needed for launch. The Soviet leadership initially reported Laika survived until the sixth day of space flight, but later came out she died about six or seven hours after liftoff, probably from overheating due to a system failure. However, the mission was that mammals could survive being launched into orbit, paving the way for human space flight. A statue of Laika was erected in downtown Moscow Star City training cosmonaut in 2008.
Also on November 3: The Times of India was founded (1838), Panama became independent from Colombia (1903), Bill Clinton is elected as the 42nd U.S. President (1992).
Born November 3: Vincenzo Bellini (1803), André Malraux (1901), Charles Bronson (1921), John Barry (1933), Lulu (1948), Roseanne Barr (1952), Dolph Lundgren (1957) Robert Miles ( 1969).
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