Kraken Sea Monster
October 11, 2011 by staff
Kraken Sea Monster, A giant sea monster, the likes of the mythical kraken may have swum the Earth’s ancient oceans, from catching what is believed that the main predators of the sea – the school bus-sized ichthyosaurs fearsome teeth.
The kraken, which would have been about 100 feet (30 meters) long, twice the size of the colossal squid, Mesonychoteuthis probably drowned or broke the neck of the ichthyosaurs before dragging the bodies to their lair, like a garbage octopus, a study researcher Mark McMenamin, a paleontologist at the University of Mount Holyoke in Massachusetts.
There is no direct evidence of the beast, but McMenamin suggested that was because soft-bodied and has not stood the test of time, but even so, to make a strong case for their existence that you want to find direct evidence.
McMenamin is scheduled to present their work on Monday (October 10) at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America in Minneapolis.
Evidence of the kraken and horrific attacks comes from the marks on the bones of the remains of nine of 45 feet (14 meters) popularis ichthyosaurs Shonisaurus species, which lived in the Triassic, a period that lasted from 248 million to 206 million years ago. The animals were Triassic version of today’s whales sperm squid giant predator eat.
Mark McMenamin, a paleontologist at Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts was interested in resolving a longstanding puzzle about the cause of death of individuals S. Park popularis in Berlin ichthyosaur state of Nevada. An expert on the site, Charles Lewis Camp UC Berkeley, in 1950 suggested that ichthyosaurs stranding succumbed to an accidental or toxic plankton blooms. However, nobody has been able to prove the animals died in shallow water, and recent work on the rocks around the fossil record suggests that he died in a deepwater environment, McMenamin said.
“I was aware that every time there is controversy about the depth, is likely to be something interesting,” said McMenamin. And when he and his daughter arrived at the park, who were struck by the strangeness of the remains, “particularly” a very strange configuration of the bones. ”
The engraving on the bones suggests shonisaurs were not killed and buried at the same time, he said. It also appeared that the bones had been intentionally altered, probably led to the “lair of the Kraken” after being killed. Similar behavior has been seen in modern octopus.
The brands and the rearrangement of the bones popularis S. suggests an octopus like animal (like a kraken), either drowned or were ichthyosaurs broke his neck, according to McMenamin.
The vertebrae also appeared willing patterns resemble disks pumping a cephalopod tentacle, with each vertebra much like a fool by a member of the coleoids, which includes octopus, squid, cuttlefish and their relatives. The researchers suggest that this pattern reveals a portrait of the mysterious beast.
Then McMenamin asked if a realistic octopus creature could have taken the spectacular swimming reptile predators. The evidence is in their favor, it seems. Video taken by staff at the Seattle Aquarium showed that a large octopus in one of their big tanks had been killing the sharks. [On the edge: a gallery of wild sharks]
“We believe that this cephalopod in the Triassic was doing the same,” said McMenamin. More supporting evidence: There were many more broken ribs seen in the fossil shonisaur seems accidental, as well as evidence of twisted necks.
“It was one of them drowned or breaking their necks,” said McMenamin.
So where the kraken go? Because octopuses are mostly soft-bodied do not fossilize well, and scientists expect to find the remains of long ago. Only their peaks, or mouth parts, are hard and the chances of those preserved by are very low, according to researchers.
Although their case is circumstantial, and probably to draw skepticism from other scientists, McMenamin said: “We are ready for this we have a very good case.”.
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