June 20 Holiday: 150th birth anniversary of Dr. Jose P. Rizal
June 18, 2011 by staff
June 20 Holiday: 150th birth anniversary of Dr. Jose P. Rizal, Malacanang has declared Monday, June 20 a special non-working holiday throughout the country. President Simeon Aquino III Benigno has signed Proclamation 154 declaring the day a holiday instead of June 19, marking the 150th birth anniversary of Dr. Jose P. Rizal.
According to Proclamation 154, the festival is to give every Filipino the opportunity to commemorate the patriotic act of Rizal and sacrifices for the country, to revive his admiration and respect for him and to celebrate the occasion with appropriate ceremonies.
The President’s decision was also in consideration of the request and recommendation of the Philippine National Historical Commission. This year, June 19 falls on a Sunday. President Aquino signed the proclamation last April 26 this year. In Bohol, more than a week before the big event, a presentation by a musical performance by the famous poem of Rizal to the Filipino youth was dictated by the Collective of Cultural Fold the public hungry for the National Commission for Culture and the Marichu representative Santillana Arts, Tourism Secretary Alberto Lim and guests at the launch of Green Fold Theatre Friday.
Fold in the Community Center Main Village last Friday, the presentation is highlighted by a poetry reading in Spanish, while King Juan Fuentes Bohol Camarata performed alone, while theater groups sang chorus parts.
From short biography found on hubpages.com, said Dr. Jose Rizal was born in Protacio Calamba, Laguna on June 19, 1861.
It was the second child of eleven born to Francisco Mercado and Teodora Alonso.
Rizal began his early education at home, continues in Binan and then entered the University and earned a BA with honors in 1876.
He proceeded to study medicine at the University of Santo Tomas, who introduced him to the cruel world of discrimination.
He went to the Universidad Central de Madrid in 1885 and completed his course and excelled in philosophy and literature.
While postgraduate study in Paris, France and Germany, Rizal also studied painting, sculpture, learned to read and write at least 10 languages.
But this man of letters was an active advocate of nonviolence who prefers the pen of his forces.
He wrote: “Noli me Tangere” (Touch me not) in 1887 and “filibuster” (The Rebel) in 1891, which exposes the cruelty of the Spanish friars in the Philippines, the Spanish administration defects and vices of clergy.
He formed the Liga Filipina, a non-violent reform patriotic citizen and a forum for Filipinos to express their hopes for reform, promoting progress through trade, industry and agriculture and freedom from oppression Spanish colonial administration.
For his works, was jailed, exiled, but that did not stop promoting his love of country and the Filipinos.
After a trial on December 26, 1896, Rizal was convicted of sedition and rebellion and was set for execution.
On his last night in jail, wrote a poem Mi Ultimo Adios (My farewell), who hid in the gas burner.
He was executed on December 30, 1896 at the age of 35 years by a firing squad in Bagumbayan, now known as Luneta Park in Manila.
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