History Of Valentine’s Day
February 10, 2011 by staff
History Of Valentine’s Day, Valentine’s Day, Valentine’s commonly abbreviated, is an annual celebration held on February 14 celebrating the love and affection between intimate partners. The day is named after one or several Christian martyrs named Valentine, and was created by Pope Gelasius I in 500 AD. Pope Paul VI removed him from the Roman calendar of saints in 1969, but religious practice is still permitted. It is traditionally a day when lovers express their love for each other with flowers, offering candy, and sending greeting cards (known as “Valentine”). The first day was associated with romantic love in the circle of Geoffrey Chaucer in High Middle Ages, where the tradition of courtly love flourished.
Modern Valentine symbols include the heart-shaped outline, doves, and the figure of the winged Cupid. Since the 19th century, written valentines were led to mass production of greeting cards.
Many early Christian martyrs were named Valentine. Valentine’s Day to honor the Feb. 14 Valentine of Rome (VSERP Valentin. M. Romae) and Valentine of Terni (Valentin ep. Interamnensis m. Romae. Valentine of Rome was a priest in Rome who was martyred about AD 269 and was buried on the Via Flaminia. His relics are at the Church of St. Praxede in Rome, and Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, Ireland.
Valentine of Terni became bishop of Interamna (modern Terni) about AD 197 and was martyred during the persecution of Emperor Aurelian. He is buried on the Via Flaminia, but in a different location than Valentine of Rome. His relics are at the Basilica of Saint Valentine in Terni (Basilica di San Valentino).
The Catholic Encyclopedia also speaks of a third saint named Valentine who was mentioned in the beginning martyrologies dated February 14. He was martyred in Africa with a number of companions, but nothing more is known about him.
No romantic element is present in the original early medieval biographies of either of these martyrs. At the time a Saint Valentine became linked to romance in the 14th century, distinctions between Valentine of Rome and Valentine of Terni were utterly lost.
In the 1969 revision of the Roman Catholic calendar of saints, the feast of Saint Valentine on February 14 was withdrawn from the General Roman Calendar and relegated to particular calendars (local or even national) for the following reason: “Though the memorial Valentine is ancient, it is left to particular calendars, since, besides its name, nothing is known of Saint Valentine except that he was buried on the Via Flaminia on 14 February. “The festival is still celebrated in Balzan (Malta), where the relics of the saint are claimed to find, and also in the world by Catholic traditionalists who follow the older, pre-Vatican II calendar.
Acta Middle Age is Valentine’s Day have been described briefly in Legenda Aurea. According to this version, Valentine was persecuted as a Christian and interrogated by Roman Emperor Claudius II in person. Claudius was impressed by Valentine and had a discussion with him, trying to do to convert to Roman paganism in order to save his life. Valentine refused and tried to convert Claudius to Christianity instead. For this reason, it was executed. Before his execution, he would have accomplished a miracle by healing the blind daughter of his jailer.
Since Legenda Aurea still providing no connections whatsoever with sentimental love, appropriate lore has been embroidered in modern times to portray Valentine as a priest who refused an unattested law attributed to Roman Emperor Claudius II allegedly ordering that young men remain single. The Emperor supposedly did this to push his army, believing that married men did not make good soldiers. Valentine’s priest, but, secretly performed marriage ceremonies for young men. When Claudius found out about this, he had Valentine arrested and thrown in jail.
There is a modern design for additional The Golden Legend, provided by American Greetings to History.com, and widely repeated despite the absence of historical data whatsoever. The evening before Valentine was to be executed, he wrote the first “valentine” card himself, addressed to a young girl variously identified as his lover, the jailer’s daughter whom he had bound to friendship and recovered, or both. There was a note that read: “From your Valentine.”
In 1797, a British publisher has released the young man’s Valentine Writer, which contains tens of verses suggested sentimental for the young lover unable to compose his own. Printers had already begun producing a limited number of cards with verses and sketches, called “mechanical valentines,” and a reduction in postal rates in the next century inaugurated the personal practice, but less easy Valentines dissemination. This, in turn, allowed for the first time to exchange cards anonymously, which is considered the reason for the sudden appearance of verse democracy Victorian otherwise modestly.
Valentines book became so popular in England in the early 19th century they were assembled in factories. Fancy Valentines were made with lace and ribbons real, with paper lace introduced in the mid-19th century. In the UK, just under half the population spend money on their Valentines and about 1.3 billion pounds is spent each year on cards, flowers, chocolates and other gifts, with about 25 million cards sent. Leigh Eric Schmidt has traced the reinvention of Saint Valentine in the 1840s. As a writer Graham’s American Monthly observed in 1849, “Saint Valentine’s Day … is not it became a national holiday.” United States, Valentine’s first mass production of embossed paper lace were produced and sold shortly after 1847 by Esther Howland (1828-1904) of Worcester, Massachusetts.
Her father operated a large book and stationery, but Howland took her inspiration from an English Valentine she had received from a business associate of her father. Intrigued by the idea of Valentines similar Howland started her business by importing paper lace and floral decorations from England. The English practice of sending Valentine cards was established enough to appear as a plot device in Elizabeth Gaskell’s Mr. Harrison’s Confessions (1851): “I broke with my explanations”. The valentine I do not know “” It is in your handwriting, “he said coldly. Since 2001, the Greeting Card Association has been giving an annual” Esther Howland Award for a Greeting Card Visionary. ”
Since the 19th century, handwritten notes have resulted in mass production of greeting cards. The mid-19th century the trade St. Valentine was a harbinger of further commercialized holidays in the United States to follow.
In the second half of the 20th century, the practice of exchanging cards was extended to all kinds of gifts to the United States. Such gifts typically include roses and chocolates wrapped in a red satin heart-shaped box. In the 1980s, the diamond industry began to promote Valentine’s Day as an opportunity to make jewelry.
The U.S. Greeting Card Association estimates that about 190 million valentines are sent each year in the United States. Half of these valentines are given to family members other than husband or wife, most often children. When you include the valentines trade school activities conducted in the figure is 1 billion, and teachers are the people who receive the most valentines. In some schools in North America Primary, children decorate classrooms, trading cards, and receive candy. The greeting cards of these students sometimes talk about what they like each other.
The rise in popularity of the Internet at the turn of the millennium is the creation of new traditions. Millions of people use each year, digital means of creation and sending Valentine greetings messages as e-cards, love coupons and printable greeting cards. About 15 million e-valentines were sent in 2010. [online sources]
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