Highest Paying Jobs
March 13, 2011 by staff
Highest Paying Jobs, Montana Male workers to .5 percent of what male workers, according to data from a recent survey by the U.S. Census Bureau. Montana ranked fifth in the nation in the gender wage gap of information that was part of 2009, the Bureau’s American Community Survey. Other Rocky Mountain States have a gap even greater. Wyoming female workers 65.5 percent what men do? Utah to 68.1, a gap in third. In Idaho and North Dakota, women represent percent of what their male peers workers do.
Two-state region had lower wage gaps in Colorado to 79.3 percent and South Dakota to 77.1 percent.
Women’s income is the closest men in Washington, DC, at 88.2 percent, and California, Arizona, New York, Nevada and Florida, all over 82 percent.
Currently, women earn about 77 percent of men’s wages at the national level, Heidi Hartmann, president of the Institute for Women, said.
State and national economists offer similar theories about why Montana and other Rocky Mountain States still lags in the wage gap between the sexes.
“It does not surprise me that the (gender gap wage) is higher in more rural states like Montana and Wyoming that are natural resource based,” said Paul Polzin, director emeritus of the University of Montana Business and Economic Research Bureau. “Where are among the highest paying jobs in Montana? In natural resource industries such as oil drilling, oil refining, coal mines and, before closing in the pulp and paper industry. And they are fields dominated by men. ”
“The professions in which women can earn more pay services professionals such as architects, business leaders and advertising, accountants and lawyers,” he added. “These jobs are more common in larger cities.”
Barbara Wagner, senior economist at the state and the work of Ministry of Industry Research and Analysis Bureau, said Montana ranked down in the pay gap between men and women for many years.
“Men with less than a college degree can form well-paying jobs in construction, logging, mining and manufacturing, she said,” whereas women with similar studies tend to work in lower paying jobs such as retail, restaurant serving child care and jobs. ”
The types of jobs available, education level, and shortcomings in work time due to children’s education account for some of the reasons why women’s wages are lower, “said Wagner, but women still earn less than men, even where these are statistically eliminated.
Wagner said there was evidence by sociologists that men with families are still paid more than women under the paternalistic notion that they are employees of bread. Women are less likely than men to seek raises and promotions because they fear they will be considered too aggressive.
The gender gap was wider national pay in 1966, when women have 57 percent of what their male counterparts were paid. This is the year of the National Organization for Women were formed, “said Heidi Hartmann, president of the Washington Institute for Women’s Policy. The gap has narrowed significantly in the 1970s and s as women took advantage of laws that gave them equal access to educational opportunities and employment.
It fell more slowly in the years 1990 and 2000, she said.
Men who lost more manufacturing, transportation and construction during the recent recession have found jobs more quickly than women since the recession officially ended.
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 abolished wage gap based strictly on gender. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 extended this protection to promotion and hiring. A decree signed by President Lyndon Johnson created equal opportunities for women entrepreneurs. Title IX of 1972 prohibiting discrimination in education, allowing thousands more women to go to business school, law and medicine.
Women in these areas can make better business income, but not average as much as men, “said Hartmann.
A possible reason for the pay gap between the sexes is still the United States did not some of the social protections that benefit working mothers in other industrialized countries, including paid maternity leave for family, child care subsidized by the government and universal health care.
Urban Eastern States where women have relatively better pay more white-collar jobs, such as the insurance industry in Connecticut, said Hartmann.
“There is no mining, fishing and manufacturing – industries that employ mostly men – Washington, DC,” she said, noting that a lot of government lobbying and professional jobs services in which qualified women to make a good salary.
Hartmann agreed western states such as Montana and Wyoming may be “clustered at the bottom” in the pay gap because their economies are more mining, refining, logging and construction.
But Harry Fritz, a professor of history semi-retired from the University of Montana, do not buy the argument of the influence of the natural resource industry jobs.
“Montana has natural resources and industrial dominated until the Second World War and perhaps a decade or two later, he said.” The men were heavily used in mines and forests so far. ” But the number of minors has been reduced by half in the years following the Second World War and the numbers of the forest industry have also declined substantially in the 1950s. Both industries have become more industrialized and less labor intensive. Their profits and productivity has increased as they had more machines and fewer workers. ”
Juveniles are less than half a percent of Montana workers now, Fritz said, and that includes sand and gravel miners and talc. The wood products industry represents less than percent of workers in Montana, and is declining with recent layoffs of thousands of employees in western Montana.
“It’s not that these industries are not important,” said Fritz. “But they no longer dominate the state economy.”
Teaching and nursing are two areas that offer good wages and still have many more women than men, officials said.
For example, economic data indicate that nearly 91 percent of nurses are women, while only 32 percent of physicians and surgeons are women.
Montana nurses earned an average of 56,380 and 2009, well above the median of the state and 43,089. But surgeons Montana made an average of $ 228,520.
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