January 29, 2011 by staff
Female Circumcision, Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital mutilation (FGM), female circumcision or female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM / C), is a procedure involving partial or total removal of external genitalia the wife or female genitalia injury “if for cultural, religious or other nontherapeutic reasons.” The term is almost exclusively used to describe traditional and religious procedures on a minor requires parental consent due to age of the girl.
When the procedure is performed by and with the consent of an adult, it is generally known as clitoridectomy, or it may be part of labiaplasty or vaginoplasty. He also generally not refers to procedures used in the sex reassignment surgery, and modification of the genitalia of intersex.
FGM is mainly practiced in North Africa and parts of the Near East and South Asia, but it has also been reported in various tribes of South America and Australia. The opposition is motivated by concerns about the consent (or its absence, in most cases) the patient, and subsequently the consequences of long-term safety and procedures. In recent decades, there have been many concerted efforts by the World Health Organization (WHO) to end the practice of female circumcision. The United Nations has also declared February 6 as “International Day of Zero Tolerance to FGM.”
Different terms are used to describe female genital surgery and other procedures. The terms female genital mutilation (FGM) and female genital mutilation (FGM) are now dominant in the international community. Practitioners often prefer the term female circumcision (FC). Groups that oppose the stigma of the word “mutilation” prefer to use the term female genital cutting. Some organizations have begun to use the combined term female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM / C). All terms are still being actively used.
Support for the term female genital mutilation has increased in the 1970s. The word “mutilation” not only established clear linguistic distinction from male circumcision, but also stressed the seriousness of the alleged act. In 1990, the term was adopted at the Third Conference of the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children (IAC) in Addis Ababa. In 1991, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that the UN adopt this terminology, which has.
Several dictionaries, including medical dictionaries, define the word circumcision as applicable to certain procedures done on women. Cook states that historically, female circumcision has been used term, but that “this process in whatever form it is practiced is not at allanlogous to male circumcision and so” female circumcision “has been replaced by the term the term “female genital mutilation” Shell-Duncan states that the term female circumcision is a euphemism for a variety of procedures for modification of female genitalia. Toubia argued in 1995 that the term female circumcision “implies a fallaciousanlogy to male circumcision nonmutilating, in which the foreskin is cut from the tip of the pns without damaging the organ itself. “However, in the 1999 book Male and female circumcision, states that it is Toubia agree that “circumcision – which is at the genital mutilation of girls and boys – who does not, despite its widespread practice.” [via wikipedia and various net sources]
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