October 8, 2010 by staff
The writer of 54 years old and a university professor was honored “for his long struggle and nonviolent fundamental human rights in China,” said chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee Thorbjoern Jagland on your ad.
“The Norwegian Nobel Committee has long believed that a strong relationship between human rights and peace,” he added.
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Liu was sentenced last December to 11 years in prison for subversion after the 2008 publication of “Charter 08″, a manifesto for reform signed by more than 300 Chinese intellectuals, academics and writers.
It is one of only three people to win the Peace Prize in prison after 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar and German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky, who was in a Nazi prison, when he won in 1935.
After Friday’s announcement, U.S. President and Peace Prize 2009, Barack Obama, called for the release of Liu, as well as a number of European governments and human rights groups.
Two other former winners of the Peace Prize, the Dalai Lama and Lech Walesa of Poland, also praised Liu’s victory and called for their release.
China, however, reacted angrily, calling the award “blasphemy” and a violation of the principles of the Peace Prize.
the reaction of China expressed its concern about a crackdown on pro-democracy activists, but Jagland insisted that there was no reason not to speak of human violations in the country’s rights.
Liu, who has been arrested several times, was a key figure in the pro-democracy student movement in China in 1989, which was brutally crushed by Chinese authorities and culminated in the Tiananmen Square crackdown.
China said Liu prize would damage relations with Norway at a time when the two countries are negotiating a trade agreement in Oslo, which is expected to sign before the end of the year.
But instead of avoiding what could be a line for the diplomat, the Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg, was among the first to congratulate Liu.
“Liu Xiaobo has won the award for defending freedom of expression and democracy in a way that deserves attention and respect,” he said in a statement.
The Norwegian ambassador to China, Svein O. Saether, was summoned to answer for as the Nobel Committee’s choice.
“The Norwegian ambassador in Beijing was asked to go to the Chinese Foreign Ministry, where the Chinese authorities expressed their discontent and protests,” said the spokeswoman of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ragnhild Imerslund AFP.
The Nobel committee could not reach Liu to advise him of his victory on Friday, and in China, news of the award was difficult to achieve due to a vast network of Internet censorship, blocking searches for the keywords “Nobel Peace Prize” and “Liu Xiaobo,” and even blocking of text messages containing the name of the new Nobel.
China’s official Xinhua news of the award was in English and Chinese – but only as headliners government angry reaction to it.
Nobel’s wife, Liu Xia, for his part said he was “very excited” by the news, and thanked the supporters of her husband as the Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama.
She told AFP the police had advised him to take her to the northeastern province of Liaoning, where Liu is incarcerated, she could tell the Saturday of his Nobel victory.
High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, said: “We welcome this recognition of the important role of human rights defenders in China and many other countries as well as the challenges they face.”
“The defenders as Liu Xiaobo can make an important contribution to China’s development,” he added.
However, another important figure in the democracy movement, Wei Jingsheng, said other deserved the Nobel Peace Prize more than Liu, calling him a moderate willing to work with Beijing.
The prize worth 10 million Swedish kronor (1.49 million U.S. dollars, 1.09 million euros), which surprisingly was the last U.S. president, Barack Obama, will be presented in Oslo on 10 December.
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