Did Prop 19 Pass
November 3, 2010 by staff
Did Prop 19 Pass, After obtaining a wide margin last month, Proposition 19 was defeated today by the profit margin. Early counts showed the proposition lost by a margin of 12 points, with 44 percent in favor and 56 percent opposed to 18 percent of precincts. Prop. 19 have made California the first state to legalize the possession and sale of up to one ounce of marijuana.
In rejecting the initiative, voters in California avoided a potential conflict with federal law. Marijuana remains illegal at the federal level, and the Obama administration promised not to give priority to Proposition 19. Last month, the Associated Press obtained a copy of a letter from the Attorney General Eric Holder, former head of Drug Control, in which he stated that the government “vigorously enforce” the federal laws against marijuana, regardless of whether Proposition 19, approved or not.
Roger Salazar, spokesman for No 19 of the campaign, referred to this legal dissonance as a serious flaw in the proposition.
“Even if it were to happen, you still have a federal problem,” he said. “More of a concern for us is whether the federal government comes and sues the state of California or withhold federal funds,” he said. “I’m not going to be enough for California.”
A Palo Alto voters, Veronica Kornberg, said the potential conflict swayed their vote. “I voted no, but I favor legalization, and you just go to the Supreme Court,” he said. “The Supreme Court has just entered state rights, and I just do not want to go there.”
While possession of less than one ounce of marijuana remains illegal, Governor Schwarzenegger signed a bill Sept. 30 that dropped the misdemeanor offense of an offense punishable by a fine and 100, effective January 1, 2011. Santa Clara County Supervising Deputy District Attorney Frank Carrubba said the bill essentially flat arguments that advocates of Proposition 19 to save money on costs of enforcement. “There really is no difference between [have less than an ounce of marijuana] and getting a speeding ticket, so that the resources needed for a police officer to handle,” he said. Carrubba also noted that cases of sole possession of one ounce or less are extremely rare, since this position usually accompany other more serious charges such as theft.
Carrubba expected other attempts to legalize marijuana in the near future. “I would not be surprised if other rolls [initiative] around,” he said. Laura Vazquez, director of the Silicon Valley chapter of United States medical marijuana advocacy group access security, said he has heard rumors that the legalization advocates can try again with another initiative in 2012, but no knows for sure.
Today’s vote marked the culmination of two campaigns with very different visions of how the initiative might affect the state.
Advocates focused on economics, arguing that legalization is just what California needs in its current budget crisis.
“Keeping marijuana illegal makes it impossible for a tax and 14 billion industry in California, simply because it is illegal,” said Joseph McNamara, a current member of the Hoover Institution and former head of San Jose police.
According to the California Board of Equalization, medical marijuana has been legal in California since voters approved the Compassionate Use Act in 1996, has generated and somewhere between 58 and 100 million in annual sales tax . Because Proposition 19 does not outline a specific tax rate, the Board could not estimate the potential tax revenue from sales of recreational marijuana.
In addition, supporters point to a potential savings in law enforcement.
“The current marijuana laws have obviously failed,” said Tom Angell, a spokesman for the Yes on 19 campaign. Not prevent anyone from using marijuana and huge waste of resources to enforce those laws. ”
Palo Alto voters agreed Elsbeth Newfield. Prop. 19 is “keep the police from being diverted to unnecessary work,” he said. “They will be able to focus on real criminal elements, and I believe that taxes derived from it will be worthwhile for the state.”
Opponents, however, responded that Proposition 19 would not achieve these goals.
“It’s very simple,” said Salazar. “The initiative does what it says it will do,” he said, noting that the proposal does not include a specific regime of regulation or tax plan.
Keith Humphreys, a professor at the Stanford School of Medicine and former senior policy adviser to President Obama drug, also referred to the possibility of marijuana use increases if the proposition passed, especially among the young, unemployed groups and others who have less disposable income, “he wrote in an e-mail. In addition, he said, would create “a new industry parallel to snuff industry” that “try to generate more addiction to make more money.”
Opponents usually not raised moral arguments against marijuana use, pointing instead to what they say is simply a poorly written bill.
“If the initiative was an issue of legalization straight-up,” said Salazar, “there is no room for moral argument. But the thing is so poorly written that even we can get ready.”
Whatever the outcome of the election, medical marijuana patients can take to get through medical cannabis dispensaries. Some advocates of drugs for the proposal, but others had reservations. Vazquez said the proposal was “not perfect but a step in the right direction” because California can not afford the prohibition [of marijuana] more. ”
Today’s vote marked the culmination of polls flip-flop. In September, most polls showed that Proposition 19, with a strong lead of between 7 and 11 percentage points, but recent surveys suggest a sharp drop in support. A CNN poll released Oct. 27 predicted that, among likely voters, 45 percent would vote in favor of Proposition 19 and 53 percent would vote no. Other surveys indicate an even larger gap.
On closer examination, the situation becomes even more complex, perhaps because of what Nate Silver, ananlyst survey for The New York Times has called the “Effect Broadus.” The name of pot culture icon Calvin Broadus (more commonly known as the singer Snoop Dogg), remembers the effect of silver Broadus a trend of voting in the 1982 race for California governor, in which voters told pollsters they would vote for an African American candidate Tom Bradley to avoid appearing racist, but then voted for his opponent during the election.
Broadus similar effect suggests that because the use of marijuana carries a social stigma, respondents are less likely to tell a human interviewer an automated system that will vote in favor of Proposition 19. According to the survey data TalkingPointsMemo.com 31 October, automated polls showed Prop. 19 by three points, with 47.7 percent against and 44.7 percent in favor. Telephone surveys, by contrast, show a larger gap of 50.9 percent against 43.2 percent in favor.
Despite the drama of the surveys the career of advertising called Proposition 19 more than the funding, including billionaire George Soros and the donation of 1 million to support Proposition 19 on October 26. According to the California Secretary of State’s website, supporters of cattle and nearly 4 million, largely thanks to contributions from Soros, Progressive Insurance Companies Oaksterdam chairman Peter Lewis and Oakland University founder Richard Lee. The No on 19 campaign raised and this year only 315,000. In comparison, Proposition 27, the more funding initiative on the ballot, won a total of more and 17.6 million in contributions.
California, the first attempt to legalize marijuana in 1972 with an initiative that was also called Proposition 19. According to the California ballot initiatives database in the University College of California, Hastings Site of the Act, that the initiative will have decriminalized the possession but not the sale of marijuana. That was not approved by 2 to 1 margin.
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