December 13, 2010 by staff
Democritus, Some historians have credited the sixth century BC Indian philosopher India Jainism originated the concept of an atom. Sir Isaac Newton has insisted he was the brainstorm of a 13th century BC Phoenician named Moschus, which Newton thought was the “Moses’ Ten Commandments fame.
When it comes to inventing the word atom true, however, we must go to ancient Greece in 400 BC There the philosopher Democritus proposed atomos, meaning “indivisible.” All matter, he said, was ultimately reducible in discrete, indivisible particles or small Atomos. Alas, the grand pooh-BAHS groves original pooh-poohed his academic work. Aristotle believed that the theory was ridiculous Democritus Plato would have despised so intensely that he cherished the desire to burn all the books in it. Plato and Aristotle did much more “smack-down” a colleague at a symposium, left their opinions on the issue of wrongly and reputation of Democritus decidedly dark for the next 2000 years.
The Oxford English Dictionary gives primacy to the British poet and alchemist Thomas Norton to introduce the word “Attoma” in his poem, 1477, the Ordinal of Alchemy. A second was Thomas Langley 1546 translation of a text of Virgil, which describes both Democritus and the word-by then clarified, “atom”.
There was an increase of modern chemistry, from the late 17th century and development in the early 19th century, which generated a review lasting revolutionary atoms and atomic theory. The greatest natural philosophers of the day including Robert Boyle, Antoine Lavoisier, and JB Priestley obsessed with the composition and nature of matter, which ultimately led to reconsider the atom.
In 1803 John Dalton published his atomic theory of the indivisible elements comprising all subjects. His ideas quickly became a cornerstone of modern physics and chemistry, keeping scientists busy for decades.
A flow of knowledge even followed the work of Henri Becquerel and the Curies’ seminal on radioactivity in the late 1890s. scientific stars such as JJ Thomson, Ernest Rutherford, Erwin Schrödinger, Niels Bohr, Alfred Einstein, Werner Heisenberg and von, tracked subatomic particles called protons, neutrons and electrons and devise new ways of understanding the physical world. Their work essentially marked the beginning of the “atomic age”, an era framed by a bulging portfolio of health consequences, scientific, political, economic, social, cultural and public.
More than 24 centuries ago, the famous Cicero described as Democritus “laughing philosopher” because of his jovial nature and observations of human foibles mind. With the decline of the 21st century, Democritus deserves the last laugh. Aristotle and Plato, two of greatest minds of the ancient world, failed to recognize him as the ancestor of the atom.
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