Causes Of Pancreatic Cancer
October 6, 2011 by staff
The tumors are usually found in the head of the pancreas – an organ that helps break down food so it can be absorbed by the body – they can block the bile duct and jaundice cause.
Apte Minoti Professor, University of NSW Faculty of Medical Sciences, said the cancer of the pancreas is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the Western world.
“It is particularly devastating because it has a poor prognosis with a survival rate at five years less than five percent in many cases,” he said.
“There are many reasons, but one of the main reasons is often diagnosed late.
“It can be associated with vague symptoms, so it is often diagnosed late and the time of diagnosis often has metastasized or spread to other organs.”
Some mild symptoms may include abdominal pain or just a general ill feeling, Professor Apte said.
Depending on the location of the tumor in the pancreas, sometimes no symptoms at all.
Risk factors for cancer include smoking, diabetes and chronic pancreatic inflammation, while studies are yet to links to other lifestyles such as alcohol and diet, he said.
The average age of cancer onset is 65, and current treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
According to information on the Cancer Council NSW’s website, 686 people are diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in NSW each year and is the most common cancer in 13 of NSW.
The website of the Cancer Council says pancreatic cancer until recently was one of the most researched types of cancer in Australia, despite being one of the leading causes of cancer death.
“As a result, it remains almost as lethal as it was 50 years ago,” says the website.
One of the recipients awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine 2011, Ralph Steinman of Canada, died of pancreatic cancer Sept. 30 just days before his award was announced.
Dr. Steinman was named the winner of 2011 on Monday, along with Bruce Beutler of the United States and Luxembourg, born Frenchman Jules Hoffman for his pioneering research on the immune system.
His work has been part of an experiment to save himself from dying from cancer.
As reported by the BBC: “Generally, the product of medical research at a glacial pace, in depth: studies of cells leading to small animal studies that lead to larger animal studies that eventually lead to small, highly selective clinical trials in humans, but Steinman. did not have that kind of time.
“He, however, have access to world class facilities, advanced technology, and some of the brightest minds in the medical world, thanks to its position as a researcher at Rockefeller University.
So Steinman decided to make his own body the ultimate experiment.
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