BP Oil Spill
April 20, 2011 by staff
BP Oil Spill, In its final report Jan. 11, , the U.S. commission investigates BP’s oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico noted that there is no single story dominated the headlines in the days following the explosion of April 20, 2010, the oil rig Deepwater Horizon who left the spill killed 11 workers.
A few days later – like BP’s oil and break in the explosion began making their way to the ocean’s surface off the coast of Louisiana – no doubt things would change.
Nearly five million barrels (about 795 million liters) of oil will eventually flow into the fertile waters of the Gulf, with long-term effects on tourism and fisheries in the region that a year later, still not clearly understood.
“Already, this oil spill is the worst environmental disaster in America has ever faced,” said U.S. President Barack Obama on June 15, 2010, a month before the well was closed permanently. “And unlike an earthquake or a hurricane, not a single event causing the damage within minutes or days.
“The millions of gallons of oil have spilled into the Gulf of Mexico are more like an epidemic, we will be fighting for months and even years.”
The deepwater drilling equipment on site Horizonte Macondo BP and exploded on April 20 and sank two days later – on Earth Day, no less. It was located just 66 miles off the coast of Louisiana.
It is instructive to examine the extent of the disaster relief efforts and in terms of absolute numbers.
At the level of cleanliness, ,829 people were deployed along with 3,474 kilometers of containment booms and absorbent and nearly seven million liters of chemical dispersants. The disaster affected more than 1,000 miles from the Gulf Coast.
Nearly 1.5 million barrels of liquid waste were collected and other 265,450 barrels of oil burned in the face of the waters of the Gulf.
BP says it has spent 17.7 billion and U.S. on cleaning since 31 December and is working. In February, the company said it expects the total bill to more and $ 40 million.
At March , 2011, there were still 184 ships and 2444 responders working on the cleanup of oil spills in the Gulf.
However, tourism officials expect that the recovery could be underway ahead of schedule, The Associated Press reported April 1.
“I think we’re cautiously optimistic,” said Colette Boehm, director of special projects at Gulf Shores and Orange Beach Tourism in Alabama, the news agency.
“With the survey  numbers we are receiving, we can not rule out the fact that there is still some perception of a problem [oil] out there. However, anecdotal evidence that we are getting is improving with later time. ”
On June 16, , BP pledged to create a fund of one billion and 20 to cover the cost of claims filed by individuals and firms affected by the spill.
And about 30 million that went to Louisiana’s tourism industry, despite and 5 million have been released and only since March 2011.
Meanwhile, many hotels in the region continue to offer discounted rates to keep their rooms occupied, AP reported. And the tar balls continue to wash on the shores of the Gulf Coast.
On May 30, 2010, the U.S. government imposed a moratorium on all deep-water drilling in the Gulf of Mexico. However, the ban was lifted on October 12 that year, after a series of legal challenges to the oil industry.
Since then, the U.S. government has issued nine permits deeper waters in the region to companies that were able to meet new security requirements, reported Reuters.
March 30, Associated Press reported that U.S. Justice Department investigators are considering filing murder charges and false testimony against BP and its executives, including former chief executive Tony Hayward.
Paul Barnes, manager for Atlantic Canada for the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, said the spill in the Gulf had a limited impact on Canada’s offshore industry, which has two drilling rigs off the coasts of Newfoundland and handful of production units in Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia.
Barnes said more government oversight BP makes a stroke, as less likely to occur in Canada and following the spill, Canada and Newfoundland and Labrador Offshore Petroleum Board to purchase new booms and skimmers to ensure that if a spill occurred, the industry would be better equipped to clean.
Following the spill, four reviews of government of the offshore oil industry was launched in Canada, but only one made by the Senate, has been completed. Last August, the Senate review concluded that there was no reason to stop oil exploration offshore and development in Canada.
The other three tests, conducted by the House of Commons, the National Energy Board and the government of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, are still ongoing.
The biggest change has been in the public perception, says Barnes.
“There are probably a greater awareness by the general public to offshore activity in the light spill in the Gulf of Mexico,” he said.
On April 30, 2011, groups of PEI, including the provincial association of fishermen and local politicians expressed concern about a possible exploration well in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
“I know that Canada has a much greater assurance that our friends south do,” said David Macdonald, Mayor of Souris, Prince Edward Island “At the same time, we do not want another Louisiana on our shores.”
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