Andrew Carnegie Bobbin Boy
March 26, 2012 by staff
Andrew Carnegie Bobbin Boy, A bobbin boy was a boy who worked in a textile mill in the 18th and early 19th centuries. He would bring bobbins to the women at the looms when they called for them, and collected the full bobbins of spun cotton or wool thread.
They also would be expected to fix minor problems with the machines. Average pay was about $1.00 a week, with days often beginning at 5:30 am and ending around 7:30 pm six days a week.
One example of rising from this job to great heights in America was young Andrew Carnegie, who at age 13 worked as a bobbin boy in 1848.
Born on November 25, 1835 in Dunfermline, the medieval capital of Scotland, Andrew Carnegie is the embodiment of the American Dream. The son of poor Scottish immigrants, Andrew Carnegie literally went from “rags to riches” as he propelled his way forward with hard work and determination from a simple bobbin boy to Steel King and Richest Man in America.
Andrew Carnegie was the eldest son of William Carnegie, a linen weaver and local leader of the Chartists (who sought to improve the conditions of working-class life in Great Britain), and of Margaret Morrison Carnegie, daughter of Thomas Morrison, a shoemaker and political and social reformer.
When steam-powered looms came to Dunfermline in 1847, hundreds of hand loom weavers, including William Carnegie, became expendable.
Andrew’s mother, Margaret Morrison Carnegie, went to work to support the family, opening a small grocery shop and mending shoes. Fearing for the survival of their family, the Carnegies soon decided to leave Scotland, borrowing 20 pounds for passage to America. Upon arriving in 1848, the Carnegie family joined two of Margaret’s sisters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
It was in Pittsburgh, at the age of 13, that Andrew Carnegie began his career as bobbin boy in a cotton factory for $1.20 per week. A voracious reader, he took advantage of the generosity of Col. James Anderson who opened his library to local working boys. Books provided most of his education as he worked his way through a series of jobs from messenger boy in the city’s telegraph office to superintendent of the Western Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad.
Andrew Carnegie ultimately made his fortune in steel, turning the industrial world on its ear in the process. He introduced the Bessemer steel making process to America and, in 1875, opened his largest steel plant, the Edgar Thompson Works, in Braddock, Pennsylvania. In 1899, Carnegie joined several of his business interests by forming the Carnegie Steel Company, which immediately became a leader in the steel industry.
The empire he forged in the steel furnaces of Pittsburgh sold to J.P. Morgan in 1901 for $400 million and Andrew Carnegie retired from business life as the richest man in the world. The man of steel, however, had a heart of gold. By the time of his death in 1919, Andrew Carnegie had given away over $350 million to provide more than 2,500 free public libraries throughout the world.
Well remembered for his philanthropy and generous heart, Andrew Carnegie also gave money for museums and concert halls (including Carnegie Hall in New York City), and founded the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh
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