American Heart Association

October 18, 2010 by staff 

American Heart Association, The American Red Cross and American Heart Association announced today changes to the guidelines for administering first aid. Among the revisions are updated recommendations for treating snakebites, anaphylaxis (shock), jellyfish stings and severe bleeding. The guidelines aid is published in the journal Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Volunteer experts from over 30 national and international organizations joined the Red Cross and the American Heart Association to consider 38 separate issues of first aid. Experts reviewed the science behind them and worked to achieve consensus on treatment recommendations. Last revised in 2005, these recommendations are based on recognized scientific training to help the most first world tour.

“It is vital that the community first aid to reach consensus and speak with one clear voice on these matters of life and death,” said David Markenson, MD, chief scientific adviser to assist the Red Cross U.S. “We are proud to help establish the standard for first aid training in the world.”

“Fast and effective first aid can save lives and prevent many medical conditions deteriorate, it is important that everyone learn about changes in the American Heart Association and American Red Cross have made lines Guidelines for first aid, “said Jeff Ferguson, MD, American Heart Association volunteer co-chair of the guidelines to write the first group.

In examining the treatment of jellyfish stings, the revised guidelines reaffirm the recommendation to use vinegar to treat the bite. The vinegar neutralizes the venom and can prevent it from spreading. After the vinegar deactivates the venom, plunging the region into warm water for about 20 minutes is effective in reducing pain. The treatment of snakebite has been slightly modified to recommend the application of a pressure immobilization bandage for any poisonous snakebite, with the pressure applied across the length of the bitten extremity.

According to the revised guidelines for the treatment of anaphylaxis, if symptoms persist after a few minutes to give the patient an injection of epinephrine from an autoinjector prescribed and medical help is delayed, the rescuer may give second injection of epinephrine from an autoinjector prescribed. The guidelines also recommend that the general public not systematically use of hemostatic agents (substances used to help stop bleeding) to control bleeding due to the high variability of efficacy and potential side effects. Tourniquets and hemostatic agents should be considered a substitute for professional rescuers when direct pressure is not possible or fails to control bleeding.

The panel also reiterated some of the key recommendations, first aid, including the use of aspirin in helping a person who is in a persistent chest pain or discomfort associated with a cardiac emergency. Viewers should call 911 and activate the emergency medical services (EMS) for all those chest discomfort. While waiting for EMS personnel to arrive, the treated person can be recommended to chew two low-dose aspirin for infant or adult (non-enteric coated) aspirin, if they are not allergic to aspirin or have had stroke or recent hemorrhage.

About the American Red Cross:

The American Red Cross shelters, feeds and provides emotional support to victims of disaster supplies nearly half the blood of the nation, teaches lifesaving skills, provides international humanitarian aid, and supports military members and their families. The Red Cross is a charitable organization – not a government agency – and depends on volunteers and the generosity of the American public to perform its mission. For more information, please visit or join our blog at

About the American Heart Association:

The American Heart Association is the oldest and the nation’s largest health organization profit organization dedicated to the fight against heart disease and stroke. Our mission is to build healthier lives through prevention, treatment and overcome these illnesses – No. 1 and No. 3 American killers. We fund cutting-edge research, conduct rescue public and professional educational programs, and advocate protecting public health.

SOURCE American Red Cross

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