7 Billionth Baby
October 31, 2011 by staff
7 Billionth Baby, She came into the world in two minutes before midnight, a little girl born into a family wrinkled fighting for Manila. On Monday, he became a symbol of the world population to reach 7 billion people and all the worries that implies for the future of the planet.
Danica May Camacho was born in a crowded public hospital, was greeted with a chocolate cake brand “7B Philippines” and a gift certificate for shoes for free. There were bursts of flashes of the photographers, and speeches by local officials.
The celebrations, however, reflects the symbolism of demography.
Amid the millions of births and deaths worldwide every day, it is impossible to detect the arrival of 7 billion of the occupants of the globe. But the UN chose Monday to mark the day with a series of celebrations around the world, and a series of symbolic 7 billion babies being born.
Danica was the first, arriving at Manila Jose Fabella Memorial Hospital less than two minutes before midnight on Sunday – but doctors say it was close enough to have a birthday on Monday.
“It looks so beautiful,” whispered the mother, Camille Galura as cradled the 5 pounds, 8 ounces (2.5 kilograms) baby, born a month premature.
The baby was the second of Galura and her partner, Florante Camacho, a pilot who supports the family with a small salary driving a ‘jeepney’, a jeep everywhere, as the bus used by many Filipinos poor and working class.
Dr. Eric Tayag of the Department of Health of the Philippines said that the birth comes with a warning.
“Seven million is a number that we think deeply,” he said.
“I really should focus on whether there will be food, water, shelter, education and a decent life for all children,” he said. “If the answer is ‘no’, it would be best for people looking to alleviate the population explosion.”
In the Philippines, much of the population issue revolves around birth control. The government supports a program that includes artificial birth control. The powerful Roman Catholic Church, however, is vehemently opposed to contraception.
Camacho, a Catholic like her husband, said he was aware of the position of the church but decided to start using contraceptives.
“The number of homeless children I see on the streets are still multiplying,” said Camacho. “When I see them, it bothers me because I like and maybe they do not.”
Demographers say it took until 1804 for the world to reach the first billion people, and a century until it reached 2 billion in 1927. The twentieth century, however, saw things begin to cascade: $ 3 million in 1959, $ 4 million in 1974, 5 million in 1987, 6 million in 1998.
The UN estimates that world population will reach 8 million by 2025 and 10 million for 2083. However, the numbers can vary widely, depending on everything from life expectancy at birth control access to infant mortality rates.
In Uttar Pradesh, India – the most populous state in the second most populous country – officials said the appointment of seven girls born Monday to symbolize the 7 million dollars.
India, struggling with a deeply rooted preference for sons and a skewed sex ratio because of millions of aborting female fetuses is to use the day to highlight this issue.
“It would be an opportune time if the seven billionth baby is a girl born in rural India,” said Dr. Madhu Gupta, a gynecologist in Uttar Pradesh. “It would be helpful in the new global focus on girls, who are subject to inequality and prejudice.”
According to U.S. government estimates, India has 893 girls per 1,000 boys at birth, compared with 955 girls per 1,000 boys in the United States.
On Monday, Indian children were chosen to be born at the Community Center run by the government of the City Health mall on the outskirts of the capital of Uttar Pradesh Lucknow.
Six babies were born from midnight until 8 am Monday. Four were children.
China, meanwhile, that 1.34 million people is the world’s most populous country, said he would support a one-child policy, a set of restrictions in place three decades ago, limiting urban families to one child and rural families to two.
“Overpopulation is one of the major challenges of social and economic development,” said Li Bin, director of the State Commission for Population and Family Planning, the official Xinhua news agency. He said that China’s population would reach 1.45 billion by 2020.
While the Beijing government says its strict family planning policy has helped boost the economy of the country’s rapid growth has also brought many problems. Soon, demographers say, there are not enough young Chinese to support its huge elderly population. China, like India, also has a very uneven sex ratio, with aid groups say have led to selective abortions of girls around 43 million less than it should have, considering the general population.
India, with 1.2 million people are expected to surpass China around 2030 when the indigenous population reached an estimated $ 1.6 million.
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