2069 Nepal Bikram Samvat Calendar New Year
April 13, 2012 by staff
2069 Nepal Bikram Samvat Calendar New Year, The Hindu calendar of Vikram Samvat 2069 will begin on March 22, 2012 at 7:10 pm. Vikram Samvat (Bikram Sambat, Vikram Samvat Vikram Samwat or Vikram’s Era, abbreviated “V.S.” or “B.S”) is the calendar established by Indian emperor Vikramaditya. It is a popularly used calendar in India and the official calendar of Nepal.
The Vikrama Samvat was founded by the emperor Vikramaditya of Ujjain following his victory over the Sakas in 56 BCE, although it is popularly (and incorrectly) associated with the subsequent king Chandragupta Vikramaditya.
It is a lunar calendar based on ancient Hindu tradition. The Vikram Samvat calendar is 56.7 years ahead (in count) of the solar Gregorian calendar. For example, the year 2056 BS began in CE 1999 and ended in CE 2000.
In Northern India the calendar starts with the first day after the new moon in the month Chaitra, which usually falls in March/April in the Gregorian calendar. Again in Western India the same era begins with the first day after the new moon in the month of Kartika which usually falls in October and November in the Gregorian calendar. In Nepal, it begins in mid-April and marks the start of the solar new year. It is official calendar of Nepal.
In India, Saka Calendar is officially used but the date on the Hindi version of Preamble of The Constitution of India is presented in Vikram Samvat.
The story of Vikramaditya’s Saka war is described in “Kalakacharya Kathanaka”, a much later work by a Jain sage called Mahesara Suri (Probably circa 12th century CE).
The traditional New Year of Bikram Samwat is one of the many festivals of Nepal, marked by parties, family gatherings, the exchange of good wishes and participation in rituals to ensure good fortune in the coming year. It occurs in mid-April each year and coincides with the traditional new year in Assam, Bengal, Maharashtra,Burma, Cambodia, Kerala, Manipur, Orissa, Punjab, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu and Thailand.
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