August 18, 2010 by staff
19th Amendment, Although the United States of America was founded on the notions of freedom, democracy and equality of opportunity, even vaguely absurd to think that women are not entitled to vote in elections for the first 144 years of existence of this nation. On this day in 1920, everything changed, since the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, prohibiting any federal government agency, state or local government to deny a citizen the right to vote based on sex.
The road to ratification – an extremely difficult process, as established by the Constitution – was long and tortuous. After a struggle that began in the post-Civil War, the amendment was voted first by the House of Representatives in January 1918 following approval by President Woodrow Wilson (who narrowly passed). The Senate of the amendment until the fall, and when he finally did bring to the debate, which was defeated by a handful of votes. That proved to be costly for the anti-suffrage senators, many of whom were defeated in the midterm elections of that year because of a boost from the Party of the increasingly powerful National Women. When the amendment was brought in again in the spring of 1919, when he passed through the House of Representatives and the Senate by a wide margin.
For a formal amendment to be added to the Constitution must be ratified by 75 percent of the state governments, so that was officially ratified on this day in 1920, when the state of Tennessee officially signed elsewhere. It was a powerful victory for the rights of women in this country (although in many respects, it was just the beginning.) In honor of this momentous occasion, we welcome the suffragette movement in “Ladies First Queen Latifah.”
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